Explore the Family Name Estrada

The meaning of Estrada

Spanish and Catalan: habitational name from any of numerous places in Spain and Portugal named Estrada, from estrada ‘road’, Latin stata (via) (from sternere ‘to strew or cover’), a term denoting a paved way. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Jesus, Carlos, Manuel, Francisco, Luis, Ramon, Ruben, Jorge, Raul, Miguel.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Estrada in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Estrada has significantly increased over a decade. In the year 2000, Estrada was the 298th most popular surname in the U.S., with approximately 92,831 individuals carrying this name. By 2010, Estrada had risen to the 238th position, reflecting an increase of 20.13 percent, and the count of individuals with this surname had grown to 127,470 - an impressive ascent of 37.31 percent. Consequently, the proportion of individuals named Estrada per 100,000 people also grew by 25.57 percent during this period.

Proportion per 100k34.4143.2125.57%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Estrada

In terms of ethnicity, based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the majority of individuals with the Estrada surname identify as Hispanic. This group saw a slight increase from 91.65 percent in 2000 to 92.86 percent in 2010. During the same time frame, the percentage of individuals who identified themselves as Asian/Pacific Islander decreased slightly from 1.77 percent to 1.66 percent. There were also decreases among those who identified as White, Black, and American Indian and Alaskan Native. The most notable change was seen among those identifying with two or more races, which dropped by 47.17 percent from 2000 to 2010.

Asian/Pacific Islander1.77%1.66%-6.21%
Two or More Races0.53%0.28%-47.17%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.33%0.2%-39.39%

Estrada ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Estrada is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 37.4% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (31.6%) and British & Irish (10.5%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Filipino & Austronesian, Italian, Senegambian & Guinean, and Eastern European.

Ready to learn more about your ancestry? Get the most comprehensive ancestry breakdown on the market by taking our DNA test. Shop 23andMe

Spanish & Portuguese37.4%
Indigenous American31.6%
British & Irish10.5%

Possible origins of the surname Estrada

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Estrada have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Mexico City, Mexico67.90%
Zacatecas, Mexico67.90%
Sinaloa, Mexico67.90%
San Luis Potosi, Mexico67.90%
Nuevo Leon, Mexico67.90%

What Estrada haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Estrada is Q-M3, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup Q-M3 is descended from haplogroup Q-M242. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and J-CTS5368, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Garcia, Castillo, Sanchez, Lopez, Morales, Perez, Herrera, Martinez, Espinoza, Cruz.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Estrada surname are: B2, H, A2. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

estradaPaternal Haplogroup Origins Q-M242
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to The Ancient One

When two college students stumbled upon a human skull on the banks of the Columbia River, neither the students nor the police who responded to their 911 call could have imagined the archaeological significance of this rare discovery. The skull — along with about 300 other bone fragments found near Kennewick, Washington — belonged to a 9,000 year-old nomad who Native Americans have dubbed "The Ancient One." Based on skeletal clues, The Ancient One (also known as "Kennewick Man") likely swam, wielded a spear, and hunted coastal fauna for the greater part of his lifeInitial craniometric studies suggested he descended from ancient Japanese and Polynesian-like people and had little in common with living Native Americans. This claim — refuted by the Plateau tribes of the Pacific Northwest — became the center of a decades-long legal battle over the provenance of the remains. When The Ancient One's genome was finally sequenced in 2015, the evidence revealed he was genetically most similar to modern-day Native Americans. In fact, local tribes were found to be direct descendants of a population closely related to The Ancient One; in 2017, he finally received a proper Native American burial. This critical discovery helps illustrate a genetic continuity between ancient and modern-day Native Americans. Furthermore, his paternal line belonged to haplogroup Q-M3, the predominant lineage among Native Americans today.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans

Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Estrada have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Estrada" Surname 36.2%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Estrada" Surname 40.6%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Estrada" Surname 22.6%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Estrada" Surname 15.0%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Estrada?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Estrada are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Spanish & Portuguese 56.3%

23andMe Users 57.2%