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The meaning of Cruz
Spanish and Portuguese: 1. topographic name for someone who lived by a cross or crossroad, from cruz ‘cross’ (from Latin crux), or a habitational name from any of numerous places called (La) Cruz. Compare Spanish Lacruz. 2. short form of a surname such as De La Cruz (Spanish) or Da Cruz (Portuguese). Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Luis, Carlos, Manuel, Miguel, Francisco, Pedro, Jesus, Angel, Ramon, Roberto. Portuguese Joao, Wenceslao, Anatolio, Godofredo, Ligia, Paulo, Sil, Albano, Joaquim, Manoel, Margarida, Omero.
Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.
How common is the last name Cruz in the United States?
According to data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Cruz has significantly grown in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it was ranked as the 82nd most popular surname with a count of 231,065 instances. By 2010, it had risen to become the 57th most common surname, seeing an increase of 44.64% to a total of 334,201 individuals. This surge in prevalence led to an overall change of 30.49 in rank and increased the proportion of individuals with the surname per 100,000 by 32.27.
|Proportion per 100k||85.66||113.3||32.27%|
Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Cruz
The ethnic identity tied to the surname Cruz also displayed some changes over this ten-year period, based on the information provided by the Decennial U.S. Census. The majority of people with the Cruz surname identified as Hispanic, registering at 86.24% in 2000 and increasing slightly to 87.88% in 2010. Those identifying as White saw a decrease of 13.11%, falling from 5.95% to 5.17%. Asian/Pacific Islander representation also declined from 5.61% to 5.19%. Individuals identifying as two or more races and American Indian and Alaskan Native experienced significant decreases, dropping by 29.29% and 28.95% respectively. The Black population remained relatively stable, decreasing only slightly from 0.83% to 0.80%.
|Two or More Races||0.99%||0.7%||-29.29%|
|American Indian and Alaskan Native||0.38%||0.27%||-28.95%|
cruz ancestry composition
23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Cruz is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 36.7% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (23.0%) and British & Irish (9.8%). Additional ancestries include Filipino & Austronesian, French & German, Senegambian & Guinean, Italian, and Nigerian.
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|Spanish & Portuguese||36.7%|
|British & Irish||9.8%|
Possible origins of the surname cruz
Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.
Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Cruz have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.
|RECENT ANCESTRY Location||Percentage|
|Nuevo Leon, Mexico||37.60%|
What cruz haplogroups can tell you
Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.
The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Cruz is Q-M3, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup Q-M3 is descended from haplogroup Q-M242. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and Q-M971, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Perez, Lopez, Garcia, Castillo, Reyes, Flores, Ramos, Morales, Sanchez, Jimenez.
The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Cruz surname are: A2, B2, C1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.
Your paternal lineage may be linked to The Ancient One
When two college students stumbled upon a human skull on the banks of the Columbia River, neither the students nor the police who responded to their 911 call could have imagined the archaeological significance of this rare discovery. The skull — along with about 300 other bone fragments found near Kennewick, Washington — belonged to a 9,000 year-old nomad who Native Americans have dubbed "The Ancient One." Based on skeletal clues, The Ancient One (also known as "Kennewick Man") likely swam, wielded a spear, and hunted coastal fauna for the greater part of his lifeInitial craniometric studies suggested he descended from ancient Japanese and Polynesian-like people and had little in common with living Native Americans. This claim — refuted by the Plateau tribes of the Pacific Northwest — became the center of a decades-long legal battle over the provenance of the remains. When The Ancient One's genome was finally sequenced in 2015, the evidence revealed he was genetically most similar to modern-day Native Americans. In fact, local tribes were found to be direct descendants of a population closely related to The Ancient One; in 2017, he finally received a proper Native American burial. This critical discovery helps illustrate a genetic continuity between ancient and modern-day Native Americans. Furthermore, his paternal line belonged to haplogroup Q-M3, the predominant lineage among Native Americans today.
Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans
Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.
What do people with the surname Cruz have in common?
Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.
Chocolate Ice Cream
Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.
"Cruz" Surname 38.3%
23andMe Users 41.3%
When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.
"Cruz" Surname 33.1%
23andMe Users 27.9%
Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.
"Cruz" Surname 19.1%
23andMe Users 21.1%
A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
"Cruz" Surname 15.3%
23andMe Users 16.4%