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The meaning of Garcia
Spanish (García) and Portuguese: from a medieval personal name of uncertain origin. It is normally found in medieval records in the Latin form Garsea, and may well be of pre-Roman origin, perhaps akin to Basque (h)artz ‘bear’. This is the most common surname in Spain and also one of the most common surnames elsewhere in Spanish-speaking world. In the US, where it is also found among Native Americans (mainly Pueblos in NM), it is the sixth most frequent surname. Compare De Garcia. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jesus, Carlos, Luis, Francisco, Pedro, Miguel, Jorge, Mario, Raul, Roberto, Ramon, Rafael. Portuguese Wenceslao, Joao, Paulo, Catarina, Albeiro, Ligia, Godofredo, Lidio, Wenseslao, Adao, Afonso.
Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.
How common is the last name Garcia in the United States?
Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Garcia has seen a significant increase in popularity from 2000 to 2010. In 2000, it was the eighth most popular surname in the United States but by 2010, it had moved up to the sixth position, reflecting a growth of 25%. The count of people with the surname Garcia also rose considerably during this period, from 858,289 in 2000 to 1,166,120 in 2010, an impressive increase of 35.87%. This resulted in a rise in the proportion per hundred thousand people from 318.17 to 395.32, indicating a 24.25% change.
|Proportion per 100k||318.17||395.32||24.25%|
Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Garcia
In terms of ethnicity, the Decennial U.S. Census data shows that the majority of individuals with the surname Garcia identify as Hispanic. In 2000, 90.81% identified as Hispanic, and this figure increased slightly to 92.03% in 2010. Other ethnic identities associated with the surname saw decreases during this period. Notably, those identifying as White decreased by 12.80%, while the percentage of Garcias identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, and American Indian and Alaskan Native also dropped. However, these changes were relatively small, with the largest decrease being 49.02% among those identifying with two or more races.
|American Indian and Alaskan Native||0.58%||0.47%||-18.97%|
|Two or More Races||0.51%||0.26%||-49.02%|
garcia ancestry composition
23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Garcia is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 40.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (27.7%) and British & Irish (10.2%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Filipino & Austronesian, Italian, Senegambian & Guinean, and Eastern European.
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|Spanish & Portuguese||40.8%|
|British & Irish||10.2%|
Possible origins of the surname garcia
Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.
Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Garcia have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.
|RECENT ANCESTRY Location||Percentage|
What garcia haplogroups can tell you
Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.
The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Garcia is R-P311, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-P311 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include Q-M3 and R-Z214, which are predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Perez, Lopez, Sanchez, Rodriguez, Castillo, Morales, Martinez, Ruiz, Ramos, Estrada.
The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Garcia surname are: A2, B2, D1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.
Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans
Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.
What do people with the surname Garcia have in common?
Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.
Chocolate Ice Cream
Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.
"Garcia" Surname 36.4%
23andMe Users 41.3%
When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.
"Garcia" Surname 34.3%
23andMe Users 27.9%
Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.
"Garcia" Surname 22.0%
23andMe Users 21.1%
A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
"Garcia" Surname 14.3%
23andMe Users 16.4%