Explore the Family Name Ruiz

The meaning of Ruiz

Spanish and Portuguese: patronymic from the personal name Ruy, a short form of Rodrigo. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Manuel, Carlos, Jesus, Francisco, Luis, Miguel, Roberto, Pedro, Ramon, Jorge.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Ruiz in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Ruiz has been steadily growing in the United States. In 2000, it held the rank of 129 among all surnames in the country, with a count of 175,429 individuals bearing it. By 2010, the name had jumped in popularity to rank 89, reflecting a significant increase of 31.01 ranks. The number of people with the surname also grew by 35.8%, reaching 238,234 individuals. This rise is further highlighted by an increase in the proportion per 100,000 people from 65.03 in 2000 to 80.76 in 2010, marking a growth of 24.19.

Proportion per 100k65.0380.7624.19%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Ruiz

Regarding the ethnic identity associated with the surname Ruiz according to the Decennial U.S. Census, the majority of bearers identify as Hispanic. In 2000, this group accounted for 91.70% and rose slightly to 92.89% in 2010. A small percentage identify as White, making up 6.12% in 2000 and decreasing to 5.17% in 2010. Asian/Pacific Islanders carrying the surname Ruiz saw a minor increase from 1.01% in 2000 to 1.03% in 2010. Those identifying as Black or American Indian and Alaskan Native both experienced decreases, with the former dropping from 0.48% to 0.44% and the latter from 0.28% to 0.22%. Additionally, individuals identifying with two or more ethnicities decreased from 0.41% to 0.24% over the same period.

Asian/Pacific Islander1.01%1.03%1.98%
Two or More Races0.41%0.24%-41.46%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.28%0.22%-21.43%

Ruiz ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Ruiz is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 41.5% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (27.5%) and British & Irish (9.9%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Italian, Senegambian & Guinean, Filipino & Austronesian, and Eastern European.

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Spanish & Portuguese41.5%
Indigenous American27.5%
British & Irish9.9%

Possible origins of the surname Ruiz

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Ruiz have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Puebla, Mexico55.10%
Durango, Mexico55.10%
Sonora, Mexico55.10%
Sinaloa, Mexico55.10%
Michoacan, Mexico55.10%

What Ruiz haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Ruiz is R-P311, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-P311 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include Q-M3 and R-Z214, which are predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Rodriguez, Torres, Garcia, Gonzalez, Sanchez, Herrera, Diaz, Perez, Gutierrez, Moreno.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Ruiz surname are: A2, H, B2. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

ruizPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans

Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Ruiz have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Ruiz" Surname 36.9%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Ruiz" Surname 38.2%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Ruiz" Surname 23.7%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Ruiz" Surname 14.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Ruiz?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Ruiz are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Spanish & Portuguese 56.3%

23andMe Users 57.2%