Explore the Family Name Herrera

The meaning of Herrera

1. Spanish: habitational name from any of various places in the provinces of Seville and Badajoz named Herrera, from a word meaning ‘iron smithy, blacksmith’s forge’ (a derivative of hierro ‘iron’, Latin ferrum). In the US, it is also found among Native Americans (Pueblos) in NM. Compare De Herrera and Errera. 2. Jewish (Sephardic): adoption of the Spanish surname (see 1 above) at the moment of conversion to Roman Catholicism. After the return to Judaism (generations later), some descendants retained the name their families used as Catholics. 3. In some cases possibly also French: habitational name from a place in Pyrénées-Atlantique. The placename is a Gascon form of Ferrière, ultimately a derivative of Latin ferraria ‘iron-mine, iron-forge’. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Manuel, Carlos, Jesus, Luis, Jorge, Francisco, Raul, Rafael, Mario, Roberto.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Herrera in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Herrera has significantly grown in popularity over a decade. In 2000, Herrera was ranked as the 175th most common surname, but by 2010, it had climbed to the 129th spot, marking an impressive increase of 26.29%. The number of individuals with this surname also surged from 140,786 in 2000 to 192,711 in 2010, a substantial growth of 36.88%. Consequently, the proportion of people named Herrera per 100k rose by 25.18%, moving from 52.19 to 65.33.

Proportion per 100k52.1965.3325.18%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Herrera

Analyzing the ethnic identity associated with the surname Herrera, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals that a vast majority identify as Hispanic. From 2000 to 2010, the percentage of Herreras identifying as Hispanic increased slightly from 91.93% to 93.03%. Over the same period, the proportion of Herreras identifying as White and Asian/Pacific Islander decreased by 12.14% and 4.95% respectively. The percentage of those claiming more than one ethnicity dropped drastically by 46.34%, while the percentage of Herreras identifying as Black and American Indian and Alaskan Native saw modest decreases of 2.7% and 25% respectively.

Asian/Pacific Islander1.01%0.96%-4.95%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.68%0.51%-25%
Two or More Races0.41%0.22%-46.34%

Herrera ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Herrera is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 39.7% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (30.6%) and British & Irish (9.3%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Italian, Filipino & Austronesian, Senegambian & Guinean, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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Spanish & Portuguese39.7%
Indigenous American30.6%
British & Irish9.3%

Possible origins of the surname Herrera

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Herrera have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Sonora, Mexico62.40%
Mexico City, Mexico62.40%
Jalisco, Mexico62.40%
Chihuahua, Mexico62.40%
San Luis Potosi, Mexico62.40%

What Herrera haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Herrera is R-P311, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-P311 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include Q-M3 and R-M167, which are predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Perez, Garcia, Ruiz, Sanchez, Lopez, Torres, Delgado, Rodriguez, Castillo, Morales.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Herrera surname are: A2, H, B2. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

herreraPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans

Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Herrera have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Herrera" Surname 40.3%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Herrera" Surname 35.0%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Herrera" Surname 20.5%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Herrera" Surname 13.8%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Herrera?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Herrera are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Spanish & Portuguese 56.3%

23andMe Users 57.2%