Explore the Family Name Espinoza

The meaning of Espinoza

1. Spanish: variant of Espinosa. The spelling with -z- represents in part a voiced pronunciation heard in some Latin American countries, whereas in Castilian Spanish it now usually has an unvoiced -s-. 2. Jewish (Sephardic): adoption of the Spanish surname (see 1 above) at the moment of conversion to Roman Catholicism. After the return to Judaism (generations later), some descendants retained the name their families used as Catholics. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Jesus, Manuel, Carlos, Luis, Miguel, Pedro, Raul, Jorge, Francisco, Roberto.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Espinoza in the United States?

Based on data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Espinoza has seen a significant rise in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Espinoza ranked 360th in prevalence among all surnames, but by 2010, it had jumped to 271st. The count of individuals with the Espinoza surname also increased substantially during this period, from 79,322 to 112,154, representing a growth rate of 41.39%. Proportionally, for every 100,000 people, 29.4 bore the surname Espinoza in 2000 compared to 38.02 in 2010, equating to a 29.32% increase.

Proportion per 100k29.438.0229.32%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Espinoza

The ethnic identity associated with the surname Espinoza according to the Decennial U.S. Census data was largely Hispanic, which accounted for an overwhelming 94.29% in 2000 and grew slightly to 94.91% in 2010. The representation of other ethnicities was quite small. Asian/Pacific Islanders represented 0.37% in 2000 and slightly increased to 0.38% in 2010. Conversely, those identifying with two or more races dropped from 0.31% in 2000 to 0.17% in 2010. The White ethnicity saw a slight decrease from 4.38% in 2000 to 4.03% in 2010. Similarly, the Black ethnicity declined from 0.25% in 2000 to 0.23% in 2010. Lastly, the American Indian and Alaskan Native category witnessed a decrease from 0.41% in 2000 to 0.27% in 2010.

Asian/Pacific Islander0.37%0.38%2.7%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.41%0.27%-34.15%
Two or More Races0.31%0.17%-45.16%

Espinoza ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Espinoza is Indigenous American, which comprises 37.3% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Spanish & Portuguese (36.1%) and British & Irish (9.8%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Senegambian & Guinean, Italian, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Eastern European.

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Indigenous American37.3%
Spanish & Portuguese36.1%
British & Irish9.8%

Possible origins of the surname Espinoza

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Espinoza have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Chihuahua, Mexico76.40%
Sinaloa, Mexico76.40%
Coahuila, Mexico76.40%
Durango, Mexico76.40%
Guanajuato, Mexico76.40%

What Espinoza haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Espinoza is R-P311, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-P311 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include Q-M3 and J-L26, which are predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Garcia, Lopez, Estrada, Herrera, Morales, Sanchez, Perez, Ruiz, Castillo, Ramos.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Espinoza surname are: A2, B2, D1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

espinozaPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans

Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Espinoza have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Espinoza" Surname 35.7%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Espinoza" Surname 42.3%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Espinoza" Surname 21.7%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Espinoza" Surname 15.0%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Espinoza?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Espinoza are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Celiac Disease

HLA-DQ8 variant

Celiac disease is an autoimmune condition in which the consumption of gluten (found in wheat, barley, and rye) can result in damage to the small intestine. Celiac disease can lead to both digestive and non-digestive problems. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes two common variants associated with an increased risk of developing this condition. Learn more about Celiac Disease

Indigenous American 66.9%

23andMe Users 20.0%