Explore the Family Name Wick

The meaning of Wick

1. English: from Middle English wik(e) (Old English wīc) ‘building; enclosed piece of land; dependent farm where a certain kind of work is done’. In placenames the term is frequently combined with words associated with food production, as in Butterwick ‘butter wick’, Chiswick ‘cheese wick’, Cowick ‘cow wick’, Hardwick ‘herd wick’, Gatwick ‘goat wick’, Shapwick ‘sheep wick’, Goswick ‘goose wick’, Berwick ‘barley wick’, Fishwick ‘fish wick’. The most common sense is ‘dairy farm’. The surname may be topographic or occupational, denoting someone who lived or worked at a wick (compare Wicker), or habitational, denoting someone who lived at or came from a place called Wick (of which there are examples in Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Somerset, Wiltshire, and Worcestershire), Wyke (Devon, Dorset, Surrey, Yorkshire), or Week (Cornwall, Devon, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Somerset). 2. Scottish: habitational name from Wick (Caithness), derived from Old Norse vík ‘bay’. 3. German: from a medieval personal name Wicko, a short form of any of various ancient Germanic personal names formed with the element wīg ‘battle, war’. 4. German: habitational name from Wick (Westphalia) or any of the places called Wieck or Wiek. 5. Americanized form of Norwegian Vik.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Wick in the United States?

According to data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the popularity of the surname Wick has seen a slight decline between 2000 and 2010. The rank of the surname dropped from 4,055 in 2000 to 4,253 in 2010, marking a decrease of approximately 5 percent. Despite this, the actual count of individuals with the Wick surname increased by roughly 3.43 percent during the same period, going from 8,057 to 8,333. However, the proportion of individuals named Wick per 100,000 people in the U.S. population decreased by about 6 percent.

Proportion per 100k2.992.82-5.69%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Wick

On the topic of ethnicity, the Decennial U.S. Census data shows that the majority of individuals with the surname Wick identified as White in both 2000 and 2010, although there was a small drop in this percentage over the decade. The percentage identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander more than doubled, climbing from 0.38 percent to 0.77 percent. There were also notable increases among those who identify as Hispanic and American Indian and Alaskan Native. Meanwhile, the percentage of people with the Wick surname identifying as Black or African American decreased significantly. The share of individuals identifying with two or more ethnicities saw an increase of just over one-third.

Two or More Races1.15%1.55%34.78%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.61%0.83%36.07%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.38%0.77%102.63%

Wick ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Wick is British & Irish, which comprises 33.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (29.4%) and Scandinavian (16.2%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Finnish.

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British & Irish33.8%
French & German29.4%

Possible origins of the surname Wick

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Wick have recent ancestry locations in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Merseyside, United Kingdom75.20%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom75.20%
Greater London, United Kingdom75.20%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom75.20%
Lancashire, United Kingdom74.80%

What Wick haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Wick is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-L48 and R-Z282, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Sandberg, Iverson, Cummins, Lund, Benson, Knott, Samuelson, Dahl, Pedersen, Archer.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Wick surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

wickPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Wick have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Wick" Surname 43.4%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Wick" Surname 28.8%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Wick" Surname 25.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Wick" Surname 17.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Wick?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Wick are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%