Explore the Family Name Cummins

The meaning of Cummins

Scottish and English (of Norman origin): variant of Cummings.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Cummins in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Cummins has seen some changes over time. In 2000, the name ranked 1633rd in popularity, with a total count of 20,072. However, by 2010, although the total count had increased to 20,705, the rank slipped to 1731st. This represents a decrease of 6.0% in ranking and an increase of 3.15% in the total number of people bearing the surname. The proportion per 100k also dropped from 7.44 to 7.02, marking a -5.65% change.

Proportion per 100k7.447.02-5.65%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Cummins

Regarding the ethnic identity associated with the surname Cummins, the Decennial U.S. Census data shows a variety of ancestries. The largest group identified as White, accounting for 91.90% in 2000 and 90.00% in 2010, showing a modest decline of 2.07%. Other notable groups include those identifying as Black (3.68% in 2000, increasing to 3.97% in 2010) and Hispanic (1.43% in 2000, rising significantly to 2.26% in 2010). Additionally, those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian and Alaskan Native, and Two or more races saw increases in their percentages, with the most substantial growth seen among those identifying as Two or more races (37.91% increase).

Two or More Races1.53%2.11%37.91%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.93%1.04%11.83%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.53%0.63%18.87%

Cummins ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Cummins is British & Irish, which comprises 57.6% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.9%) and Eastern European (4.7%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Scandinavian, Ashkenazi Jewish, Spanish & Portuguese, and Nigerian.

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British & Irish57.6%
French & German21.9%
Eastern European4.7%

Possible origins of the surname Cummins

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Cummins have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom89.30%
Merseyside, United Kingdom89.30%
Greater London, United Kingdom89.30%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom89.20%
Lancashire, United Kingdom89.00%

What Cummins haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Cummins is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-L48 and R-Z282, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Cummings, Archer, Thomson, Morgan, Morris, Carr, Lloyd, Phillips, Gibson, Thompson.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Cummins surname are: T2b, H, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

cumminsPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to the nomadic Tuareg of the Sahara

Though haplogroup H1 rarely reaches high frequencies beyond western Europe, over 60% of eastern Tuareg in Libya belong to haplogroup H1. The Tuareg call themselves the Imazghan, meaning “free people.” They are an isolated, semi-nomadic people who inhabit the West-Central Sahara and are known today for a distinctive dark blue turban worn by the men, and for their long history as gatekeepers of the desert.How did women carrying H1 make it all the way from western Europe to this isolated community? They likely migrated from Spain across the Strait of Gibraltar into Morocco after the Last Ice Age, where they were assimilated into the Berbers of the Mediterranean coast. Then, about 5,000 years ago, the Sahara shifted from a period of relative habitable conditions to its dramatically arid desert environment. This shift may have caused migrations throughout the Sahara, prompting the ancient Tuaregs to meet and mingle with the Berbers, bringing H1 lineages into their population.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Cummins have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Cummins" Surname 45.0%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Cummins" Surname 22.2%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Cummins" Surname 21.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Cummins" Surname 18.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Cummins?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Cummins are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%