Explore the Family Name Eggleston

The meaning of Eggleston

English: habitational name from Eggleston (Durham) or Egglestone (North Yorkshire). The Durham placename is from the Old English personal name Ecgwulf + tūn ‘settlement, farmstead’, whereas the North Yorkshire name is probably from the Old English personal name Ecgel + tūn.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Eggleston in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census, the popularity of the surname Eggleston has seen some changes over a decade. In the year 2000, Eggleston ranked as the 3304th most common surname, but by 2010, it had slipped slightly to the 3550th position, marking a decrease of 7.45%. Despite this change in rank, the actual number of people bearing the surname Eggleston marginally increased from 9,951 individuals in 2000 to 10,057 in 2010, showing a growth rate of 1.07%. The proportion per 100k dropped by -7.59% over the same period, indicating that while the Eggleston family grew, it did not keep pace with the overall population growth.

Proportion per 100k3.693.41-7.59%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Eggleston

In terms of ethnicity, the distribution amongst individuals bearing the surname Eggleston also shifted according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. The majority of the Egglestons identified as White, with 79.65% in 2000 and 78.16% in 2010, exhibiting a slight decrease. The percentage of Egglestons identifying as Black decreased marginally from 17.07% to 16.93%. However, there were notable increases in other ethnic identities: those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander went up by 34%, those reporting two or more races rose by 70.27%, Hispanic identification increased by 48.51%, and those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native went up by 9.09%.

Two or More Races1.11%1.89%70.27%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.5%0.67%34%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.33%0.36%9.09%

Eggleston ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Eggleston is British & Irish, which comprises 50.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (25.5%) and Scandinavian (4.4%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Italian, Nigerian, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Ghanaian, Liberian & Sierra Leonean.

Ready to learn more about your ancestry? Get the most comprehensive ancestry breakdown on the market by taking our DNA test. Shop 23andMe

British & Irish50.2%
French & German25.5%

Possible origins of the surname Eggleston

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Eggleston have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom90.30%
Greater London, United Kingdom90.30%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom90.30%
Merseyside, United Kingdom89.80%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom89.80%

What Eggleston haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Eggleston is Q-L329, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup Q-L329 is descended from haplogroup Q-M242. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS241 and Q-L53, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Sherman, Howe, Gee, Hopkins, Simms, Prince, Gibbons, Phillips, Oliver, Lacey.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Eggleston surname are: H1, H, T2b. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

egglestonPaternal Haplogroup Origins Q-M242

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Eggleston have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Eggleston" Surname 33.3%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Eggleston" Surname 26.3%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Eggleston" Surname 16.5%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Eggleston" Surname 21.3%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Eggleston?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Eggleston are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%