Explore the Family Name Weil

The meaning of Weil

South German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places so named in Baden, Bavaria, and Württemberg, from Latin villa ‘country house, estate’ (later used of a group of houses forming a settlement). This surname is also found in France (Alsace and Lorraine). Compare Wile 3. History: This is one of the old Ashkenazic surnames. In Eastern Europe, it was used by rabbinical families well before the mass adoption of surnames by local Jews at the turn of the 19th century. Some characteristic forenames: German Kurt, Otto, Erwin, Gunther, Hans, Herta, Lothar, Manfred, Arno, Dieter, Elfriede, Fritz.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Weil in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Weil showed a slight decline between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Weil ranked as the 5,079th most common surname in the United States but dropped to the 5,390th position by 2010, a decrease of 6.12%. Despite this drop in rank, the actual count of individuals with the Weil surname slightly increased from 6,338 in 2000 to 6,455 in 2010, an uptick of 1.85%.

Proportion per 100k2.352.19-6.81%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Weil

The Decennial U.S. Census also provides insights into the ethnic identity associated with the surname Weil. Between 2000 and 2010, there were changes in the distribution of ethnicity among individuals carrying the Weil surname. The percentage of Weils identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander rose from 0.63% to 0.95%, and those identifying as Hispanic increased from 1.86% to 2.88%. There was also a small increase in those identifying as Black or as having two or more races. However, the majority of individuals with the Weil surname identified as White, although this percentage decreased slightly from 95.20% in 2000 to 93.49% in 2010. The proportion of Weils who are American Indian and Alaskan Native fell slightly during this decade.

Two or More Races0.98%1.21%23.47%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.63%0.95%50.79%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.28%0.25%-10.71%

Weil ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Weil is Ashkenazi Jewish, which comprises 33.3% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (27.2%) and French & German (18.0%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Eastern European, Spanish & Portuguese, Scandinavian, and Indigenous American.

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Ashkenazi Jewish33.3%
British & Irish27.2%
French & German18.0%

Possible origins of the surname Weil

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Weil have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
West Midlands, United Kingdom59.50%
Greater London, United Kingdom59.50%
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom59.00%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom59.00%
Merseyside, United Kingdom59.00%

What Weil haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Weil is J-L556, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup J-L556 is descended from haplogroup J-M304. Other common haplogroups include J-M92 and R-U152, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Weinberg, Singer, Schwartz, Mandel, Grossman, Sacks, Berger, Goldstein, Friedman, Sachs.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Weil surname are: H1, H, T2b. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

weilPaternal Haplogroup Origins J-M304

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Weil have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Weil" Surname 47.2%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Weil" Surname 11.3%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Weil" Surname 11.2%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Weil" Surname 18.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Weil?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Weil are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Ashkenazi Jewish 57.0%

23andMe Users 57.2%