Explore the Family Name Sachs

The meaning of Sachs

1. German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name for someone from Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) in northern Germany. The region is named for the ancient Germanic tribe that settled there in Roman times, whose name derives from an ancient Germanic word (preserved in Old Saxon and Old High German), sahs ‘knife, sword’. The area in central Germany called Sachsen was named after the line of princes who owned title to the northern territories in 1422. 2. Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): surname adopted in memory of persecuted forebears, an acronym from the first letters (capitalized) of Hebrew Zera Qodesh SHemo ‘his name is of the seed of holiness’. Compare Socks and Zacks.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Sachs in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname 'Sachs' has seen a slight decline between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Sachs was ranked 4545th among all surnames in the United States, but it slipped to 4866th by 2010, representing a decrease of approximately 7%. Despite this, the actual count of people with the surname increased slightly from 7165 in 2000 to 7248 in 2010, showing a growth of around 1.16%. The proportion per 100k people also declined by about 7.52% during the same period.

Proportion per 100k2.662.46-7.52%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Sachs

The ethnic identity associated with the 'Sachs' surname showed some changes from 2000 to 2010 as well, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. The majority of Sachs in both years identified as White, however, there was a minimal decrease of 1.39% over the decade. In 2000, Asian/Pacific Islanders made up only 0.66% of those holding the Sachs name, but that figure had grown substantially to 0.97% by 2010. Similarly, those identifying as two or more races saw an increase from 0.80% to 1.01%. Hispanic representation among the Sachs population also grew from 2.46% to 2.98%. Interestingly, the 2010 data shows that some individuals with the Sachs surname began identifying as Black and American Indian/Alaska Native, categories which were not represented in the 2000 data.

Two or More Races0.8%1.01%26.25%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.66%0.97%46.97%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0%0.12%0%

Sachs ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Sachs is Ashkenazi Jewish, which comprises 34.6% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (24.0%) and French & German (21.2%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, and Indigenous American.

Ready to learn more about your ancestry? Get the most comprehensive ancestry breakdown on the market by taking our DNA test. Shop 23andMe

Ashkenazi Jewish34.6%
British & Irish24.0%
French & German21.2%

Possible origins of the surname Sachs

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Sachs have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom56.40%
Greater London, United Kingdom56.40%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom56.00%
Merseyside, United Kingdom55.60%
West Midlands, United Kingdom55.60%

What Sachs haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Sachs is J-CTS5368, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup J-CTS5368 is descended from haplogroup J-M304. Other common haplogroups include R-U152 and E-M5021, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Wexler, Kaufman, Weiner, Schwartz, Singer, Mandel, Rosenberg, Stein, Engel, Stern.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Sachs surname are: H, H1, K1a1b1a. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

sachsPaternal Haplogroup Origins J-M304
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to men who spread the Semitic languages

Men carrying the J-M267 lineage took part in many waves of migrations over the millennia, and domesticated animals and plants weren't the only things they carried. They may also have been among the communities that spread the Semitic languages, a diverse group that bloomed from a single proto-Semitic tongue in the Levant nearly 5,750 years ago. These men likely carried branches of both haplogroup J and of the Semitic language family through the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa. Still later, some J-M267-bearing men re-expanded from the Arabian Peninsula back through the Middle East and across North Africa in migrations associated with the emergence and spread of Islam.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Sachs have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Sachs" Surname 45.0%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Sachs" Surname 35.2%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Sachs" Surname 14.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Sachs" Surname 12.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Sachs?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Sachs are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Ashkenazi Jewish 57.0%

23andMe Users 57.2%