Explore the Family Name Wall

The meaning of Wall

1. English: topographic name for someone who lived by a stone-built wall, e.g. one used to fortify a town or to keep back the encroachment of the sea (Middle English wall ‘wall’, Old English wall, weall, from Latin vallum ‘rampart, palisade’), or a habitational name from a place so named, such as Wall (Staffordshire). 2. English (West Midlands): topographic name for someone who lived by a spring or stream, northern Middle English wall(e) (Old English (Mercian) wæll(a); compare Well). 3. Irish (of Norman origin): Anglicized form of de Valle (Gaelicized form de Bhál), the name of a Norman family established in Munster and Connacht. 4. German: topographic name for someone who lived by a defensive wall, Middle High German wal. 5. German: variant of Wahl 2. 6. German: from a short form of the personal name Walther. 7. Swedish: ornamental name from a variant of the element vall ‘grassy bank, pasture’ or, in some cases, a habitational name from a place called with this element.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Wall in the United States?

Based on the data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the popularity of the surname Wall has slightly decreased between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Wall ranked as the 557th most popular surname in the U.S., but dropped to 631st place by 2010, indicating a 13.29% decrease in rank. Additionally, the count of people with this surname fell from 54,401 to 53,794 over this decade, marking a modest drop of 1.12%. The proportion of individuals named Wall per 100,000 people also diminished by 9.57%, going from 20.17 in 2000 down to 18.24 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k20.1718.24-9.57%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Wall

Regarding its ethnic identity, the Wall surname is predominantly associated with White ethnicity, even though there was a slight decline of about 1.94% from 87.80% in 2000 to 86.10% in 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. However, the percentage of individuals with this surname who identify as Asian/Pacific Islander grew substantially by 56.25%, from 0.48% in 2000 to 0.75% in 2010. Similarly, there were increases in those identifying as Hispanic (45.28% increase), Two or more races (34.07% increase), and Black (2.63% increase). Furthermore, a small growth was observed for those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native, from 0.77% to 0.81%, an increase of 5.19%.

Two or More Races1.35%1.81%34.07%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.77%0.81%5.19%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.48%0.75%56.25%

Wall ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Wall is British & Irish, which comprises 53.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (22.7%) and Eastern European (4.8%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Indigenous American, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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British & Irish53.8%
French & German22.7%
Eastern European4.8%

Possible origins of the surname Wall

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Wall have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom85.80%
Merseyside, United Kingdom85.80%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom85.70%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom85.60%
West Midlands, United Kingdom85.40%

What Wall haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Wall is R-DF98, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-DF98 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS4027 and R-CTS241, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Wilson, Walls, Taylor, Smith, Allen, Thompson, Walters, Cooper, Watson, Price.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Wall surname are: H1, H, T2b. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

wallPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Wall have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Wall" Surname 38.2%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Wall" Surname 26.9%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Wall" Surname 20.4%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Wall" Surname 16.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Wall?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Wall are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%