Explore the Family Name Stone

The meaning of Stone

1. English: from Middle English ston(e) ‘stone, rock’ (Old English stān). The surname may be topographic, for someone who lived on stony ground, by a notable outcrop of rock, or by a stone boundary-marker or monument, or habitational, from a place called Stone, such as those in Buckinghamshire, Devon, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Kent, Somerset, Staffordshire, and Worcestershire. 2. Irish (Kilkenny): adopted for Irish Ó Clochartaigh (see Clougherty) and/or Ó Clochasaigh (see Clohessy), and possibly several other names containing or thought to contain the element cloch ‘stone’. 3. Americanized form (translation into English) of various surnames in other languages, meaning ‘stone’, including Jewish Stein, Norwegian Steine, French Lapierre, Desroche, and Desroches. History: This name was brought independently to New England by many bearers from the 17th century onward. Thomas Scott was one of the founders of Hartford, CT, in 1635 (coming from Cambridge, MA with Thomas Hooker). Gregory Stone (1590–1672) came to North America in 1635, and is buried in the old burial ground at Cambridge, MA. Thomas Stone (1743–87), one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born into a prosperous family at Poynton Manor, MD. He was a descendant of William Stone (born c.1603), who had emigrated to VA from Northamptonshire in England around 1628 and who later became governor of MD.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Stone in the United States?

According to the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname 'Stone' has experienced a slight decline between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it held the rank of 162 and slipped to 178 in 2010, indicating a drop of around 9.88%. Despite this, the number of people carrying the 'Stone' surname increased slightly from 149,802 in 2000 to 153,329 in 2010, a growth rate of 2.35%. However, as a proportion per 100,000 people, the occurrence of the surname decreased by 6.39%.

Proportion per 100k55.5351.98-6.39%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Stone

Concerning ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals some shifts among those with the 'Stone' surname between 2000 and 2010. While the majority identified as White (85.95% in 2010, down slightly from 87.4% in 2000), there were increases in other ethnicities. The Hispanic representation grew by 45.73%, although it still only makes up 2.39% of all Stones in 2010. The Asian/Pacific Islander group also saw an increase of 18.18% but remained relatively small at 0.65% in 2010. Those identifying as two or more races increased from 1.58% to 1.93%. The proportion of Black individuals and American Indian and Alaskan Natives experienced modest growth, reaching 8.13% and 0.95% respectively in 2010.

Two or More Races1.58%1.93%22.15%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.93%0.95%2.15%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.55%0.65%18.18%

Stone ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Stone is British & Irish, which comprises 50.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.7%) and Ashkenazi Jewish (7.2%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Eastern European, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, and Indigenous American.

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British & Irish50.2%
French & German21.7%
Ashkenazi Jewish7.2%

Possible origins of the surname Stone

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Stone have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom84.00%
Merseyside, United Kingdom83.80%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom83.80%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom83.60%
West Midlands, United Kingdom83.50%

What Stone haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Stone is R-Z30, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Z30 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS241 and R-L48, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Smith, White, Wilson, Hill, Baker, Green, Meyer, Clark, Lang, Young.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Stone surname are: T2b, H, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

stonePaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Stone have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Stone" Surname 42.1%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Stone" Surname 27.9%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Stone" Surname 22.4%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Stone" Surname 18.0%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Stone?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Stone are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%