Explore the Family Name Ramirez

The meaning of Ramirez

Spanish (Ramírez): patronymic from the personal name Ramiro. Compare De Ramirez. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Juan, Manuel, Carlos, Jesus, Luis, Francisco, Miguel, Jorge, Raul, Roberto, Pedro, Ramon.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Ramirez in the United States?

Based on data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Ramirez has significantly grown in popularity over the course of a decade. In 2000, Ramirez was ranked 42nd in overall popularity, with a count of 388,987 individuals carrying this name. By 2010, the rank had risen to 28th and the count had increased by 43.3% to 557,423. This rise represents a remarkable growth rate of 33.33%. The proportion of people bearing the surname Ramirez per 100k population also saw an increase of 31.05%, from 144.2 in 2000 to 188.97 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k144.2188.9731.05%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Ramirez

The ethnic identity associated with the surname Ramirez predominantly falls into the Hispanic category, as evidenced by the data from the Decennial U.S. Census. In 2000, 93.67% of those with the surname identified as Hispanic, which slightly increased to 94.48% in 2010. While there were minor changes in the percentage of other ethnic identities over the decade, none were as significant as the Hispanic group. The next largest group, White, decreased from 4.40% in 2000 to 3.89% in 2010. Other groups like Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, American Indian and Alaskan Native, and Two or more races made up less than 1% each of the total population with this surname in both years.

Asian/Pacific Islander0.97%0.93%-4.12%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.27%0.2%-25.93%
Two or More Races0.4%0.19%-52.5%

Ramirez ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Ramirez is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 38.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (32.8%) and British & Irish (9.6%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Filipino & Austronesian, Senegambian & Guinean, Italian, and Angolan & Congolese.

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Spanish & Portuguese38.2%
Indigenous American32.8%
British & Irish9.6%

Possible origins of the surname Ramirez

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Ramirez have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Sinaloa, Mexico66.70%
Mexico City, Mexico66.70%
Zacatecas, Mexico66.70%
Nuevo Leon, Mexico66.70%
Chihuahua, Mexico66.70%

What Ramirez haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Ramirez is Q-M3, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup Q-M3 is descended from haplogroup Q-M242. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and Q-M971, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Hernandez, Reyes, Aguilar, Vasquez, Flores, Martinez, Cortez, Alvarado, Lopez, Ramos.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Ramirez surname are: A2, B2, C1c. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

ramirezPaternal Haplogroup Origins Q-M242
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to The Ancient One

When two college students stumbled upon a human skull on the banks of the Columbia River, neither the students nor the police who responded to their 911 call could have imagined the archaeological significance of this rare discovery. The skull — along with about 300 other bone fragments found near Kennewick, Washington — belonged to a 9,000 year-old nomad who Native Americans have dubbed "The Ancient One." Based on skeletal clues, The Ancient One (also known as "Kennewick Man") likely swam, wielded a spear, and hunted coastal fauna for the greater part of his lifeInitial craniometric studies suggested he descended from ancient Japanese and Polynesian-like people and had little in common with living Native Americans. This claim — refuted by the Plateau tribes of the Pacific Northwest — became the center of a decades-long legal battle over the provenance of the remains. When The Ancient One's genome was finally sequenced in 2015, the evidence revealed he was genetically most similar to modern-day Native Americans. In fact, local tribes were found to be direct descendants of a population closely related to The Ancient One; in 2017, he finally received a proper Native American burial. This critical discovery helps illustrate a genetic continuity between ancient and modern-day Native Americans. Furthermore, his paternal line belonged to haplogroup Q-M3, the predominant lineage among Native Americans today.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans

Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Ramirez have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Ramirez" Surname 37.3%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Ramirez" Surname 34.7%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Ramirez" Surname 21.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Ramirez" Surname 14.2%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Ramirez?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Ramirez are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Spanish & Portuguese 56.3%

23andMe Users 57.2%