Discover your DNA and map your family historyShop 23andMe
The meaning of Hernandez
1. Spanish (Hernández): patronymic from the personal name Hernando (see Fernando). The surname has also been established in southern Italy, mainly in Naples and Palermo, since the period of Spanish dominance there. Hernandez (including in the sense 2 below) is the eleventh most frequent surname in the US. Compare De Hernandez. 2. Jewish (Sephardic): adoption of the name in 1 above at the moment of conversion to Roman Catholicism. After the return to Judaism (generations later), some Jewish descendants retained the surname that their families had adopted as Roman Catholics. Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Carlos, Manuel, Jesus, Luis, Francisco, Pedro, Miguel, Jorge, Mario, Raul, Ramon, Roberto.
Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.
How common is the last name Hernandez in the United States?
Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Hernandez significantly increased between 2000 and 2010. In the year 2000, Hernandez ranked as the 15th most common surname in the United States, boasting a count of 706,372 individuals. By 2010, the rank had jumped to 11th, with a count of 1,043,281, marking a substantial increase of 47.7%. The proportion per 100k also rose from 261.85 to 353.68 during this decade, showing a growth rate of 35.07%.
|Proportion per 100k||261.85||353.68||35.07%|
Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Hernandez
With regard to ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals that the majority of individuals with the Hernandez surname identify as Hispanic. In 2000, 93.81% of those bearing the Hernandez surname identified as Hispanic, a figure that slightly increased to 94.89% by 2010. Other ethnic identities associated with the surname Hernandez include White (4.55% in 2000, decreasing to 3.79% in 2010), Asian/Pacific Islander (0.65% in 2000, decreasing to 0.60% in 2010), Black (0.38% in 2000, decreasing to 0.36% in 2010), and American Indian and Alaskan Native (0.27% in 2000, decreasing to 0.19% in 2010). Notably, individuals identifying as Two or more races decreased by over half, from 0.35% in 2000 to 0.16% in 2010.
|American Indian and Alaskan Native||0.27%||0.19%||-29.63%|
|Two or More Races||0.35%||0.16%||-54.29%|
hernandez ancestry composition
23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Hernandez is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 40.0% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (31.1%) and British & Irish (9.4%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Senegambian & Guinean, Italian, Angolan & Congolese, and Nigerian.
Ready to learn more about your ancestry? Get the most comprehensive ancestry breakdown on the market by taking our DNA test. Shop 23andMe
|Spanish & Portuguese||40.0%|
|British & Irish||9.4%|
Possible origins of the surname hernandez
Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.
Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Hernandez have recent ancestry locations all within Mexico.
|RECENT ANCESTRY Location||Percentage|
|Nuevo Leon, Mexico||64.60%|
What hernandez haplogroups can tell you
Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.
The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Hernandez is Q-M3, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup Q-M3 is descended from haplogroup Q-M242. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and Q-M971, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Ramirez, Reyes, Vasquez, Martinez, Aguilar, Flores, Lopez, Alvarado, Ramos, Cortez.
The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Hernandez surname are: A2, C1c, B2. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.
Your paternal lineage may be linked to The Ancient One
When two college students stumbled upon a human skull on the banks of the Columbia River, neither the students nor the police who responded to their 911 call could have imagined the archaeological significance of this rare discovery. The skull — along with about 300 other bone fragments found near Kennewick, Washington — belonged to a 9,000 year-old nomad who Native Americans have dubbed "The Ancient One." Based on skeletal clues, The Ancient One (also known as "Kennewick Man") likely swam, wielded a spear, and hunted coastal fauna for the greater part of his lifeInitial craniometric studies suggested he descended from ancient Japanese and Polynesian-like people and had little in common with living Native Americans. This claim — refuted by the Plateau tribes of the Pacific Northwest — became the center of a decades-long legal battle over the provenance of the remains. When The Ancient One's genome was finally sequenced in 2015, the evidence revealed he was genetically most similar to modern-day Native Americans. In fact, local tribes were found to be direct descendants of a population closely related to The Ancient One; in 2017, he finally received a proper Native American burial. This critical discovery helps illustrate a genetic continuity between ancient and modern-day Native Americans. Furthermore, his paternal line belonged to haplogroup Q-M3, the predominant lineage among Native Americans today.
Your maternal lineage may be linked to some of the first Americans
Though the Ice Age was beginning to retreat when your A2 ancestors first entered North America, there were still massive barriers blocking their way. Glaciers and inhospitable climate covered much of the continent, blocking entry into the interior. Nonetheless, researchers have found evidence that a wave of American founders migrated over 13,000 kilometers to reach southern Chile in only 2,000 years, a blink of an eye in the story of human migration! Their highway to the south was the coast of the Pacific, stocked with fish, diverse marine mammals, and other valuable resources in the rich kelp forests of the upper latitudes and in the abundant fresh-water rivers near the equator. Because of this rapid movement south, the A2 haplogroup and its diverse branches are found throughout North and South America.
What do people with the surname Hernandez have in common?
Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.
Chocolate Ice Cream
Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.
"Hernandez" Surname 36.1%
23andMe Users 41.3%
When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.
"Hernandez" Surname 33.1%
23andMe Users 27.9%
Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.
"Hernandez" Surname 23.5%
23andMe Users 21.1%
An allergic reaction to cats, characterized by symptoms such as sneezing, itching, and difficulty breathing.
"Hernandez" Surname 37.5%
23andMe Users 36.7%