Explore the Family Name Pagel

The meaning of Pagel

1. North German: from the personal name Pagel, a Low German form of Paul. 2. North German (Pägel): metonymic occupational name for a calibrator, from Low German pegel ‘water level gauge, small container’ (see Pegler 3). 3. French: diminutive of Page. Some characteristic forenames: German Erwin, Kurt, Gerhard, Otto, Ewald, Armin, Arno, Fritz, Hermann, Horst, Juergen.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Pagel in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Pagel experienced a slight shift in its popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it ranked 6306 among all surnames and slightly dipped to 6697 by 2010, marking a 6.2% decrease in rank. Despite the drop in ranking, the actual count of people with the Pagel surname increased by 1.41% from 4973 to 5043. However, the proportion of Pagels per 100,000 people decreased by 7.07%, indicating that while the number of Pagels increased, their overall share of the population dropped.

Proportion per 100k1.841.71-7.07%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Pagel

In terms of ethnicity, the Pagel surname exhibited a diverse range, as reflected in the Decennial U.S. Census data. The majority of individuals identifying as Pagel were of White ethnicity, making up 95.82% in 2000 and 94.37% in 2010, showing a slight decrease of 1.51%. There was a notable increase in the Hispanic and those who identify as two or more races categories, with increases of 69.54% and 61.63%, respectively. Those identifying as Black decreased significantly by 41.67%, while Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian and Alaskan Native both saw modest increases of 18.97% and 16.00% respectively.

Two or More Races0.86%1.39%61.63%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.58%0.69%18.97%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.5%0.58%16%

Pagel ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Pagel is French & German, which comprises 39.5% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (32.5%) and Eastern European (10.7%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Indonesian, Thai, Khmer & Myanma, and Indigenous American.

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French & German39.5%
British & Irish32.5%
Eastern European10.7%

Possible origins of the surname Pagel

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Pagel have recent ancestry locations spanning a few countries, mostly in United Kingdom, and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Merseyside, United Kingdom75.40%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom75.40%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom75.40%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom75.40%
Greater London, United Kingdom75.40%

What Pagel haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Pagel is R-CTS3402, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS3402 is descended from haplogroup R-M420. Other common haplogroups include R-P312 and R-P311, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Klotz, Chrisman, Fender, Busse, Tarantino, Provost, Olszewski, Balogh, Troutman, Wojciechowski.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Pagel surname are: J1c, H, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

pagelPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M420

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Pagel have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Pagel" Surname 40.5%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Pagel" Surname 25.7%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Pagel" Surname 21.7%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Pagel" Surname 28.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Pagel?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Pagel are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

French & German 60.8%

23andMe Users 57.2%