Explore the Family Name Norman

The meaning of Norman

1. English, Irish (Dublin and Cork), and Scottish: ethnic or habitational name applied either to a Scandinavian or to someone from Normandy in northern France. The Scandinavian adventurers of the Dark Ages called themselves northmenn ‘men from the North’. Before 1066, Scandinavian settlers in England were already fairly readily absorbed, and Northman and Normann came to be used as bynames and later as personal names, even among the Saxon inhabitants. The term gained a new use from 1066 onward, when England was settled by invaders from Normandy, who were likewise of Scandinavian origin but by now largely integrated with the native population and speaking a Romance language, retaining only their original ancient Germanic name. 2. English: from the Middle English personal name Norman (recorded in the late Old English period as Northman), derived from northman ‘northerner’. 3. Americanized form of German Normann. 4. Altered form of French Normand. 5. Dutch: variant, mostly Americanized, of Noorman, a cognate of 1 above. 6. Swedish: of German origin (see Normann), or an ornamental name composed of the elements norr ‘north’ or nor ‘narrow stream between two waters’ + man ‘man’. 7. Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Nordman. 8. Americanized form of some similar (like-sounding) Jewish (Ashkenazic) surname. In at least one case it is an Americanized form of Novominsky, the name of a family from Uman in Ukraine. History: Albert Andriessen Bradt, a settler in Rensselaerswyck on the upper Hudson River, was originally from Norway (see Bradt) and was known as de Norrman (‘the Norwegian’). The waterway south of Albany which powered his mills became known as the Normanskill (‘the Norman’s Waterway’), by which name it is still known today.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Norman in the United States?

The surname Norman, according to the Decennial U.S. Census, showed some changes in its popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it held the rank of 461 but dropped to 495 by 2010, a change of -7.38%. Despite this decrease in rank, the number of people sporting the Norman surname actually increased from 65,269 to 67,704, a growth of 3.73%. The proportion of people with this surname per 100,000 also saw a decline from 24.2 to 22.95, a reduction of -5.17%.

Proportion per 100k24.222.95-5.17%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Norman

In terms of ethnicity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals several shifts for those bearing the surname Norman between 2000 and 2010. The percentage identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander rose by 50%, from 0.42% to 0.63%. Those identifying with two or more races also saw an increase from 1.71% to 2.25%, a 31.58% increase. Meanwhile, the proportion identifying as White decreased by 3.65%, from 71.58% to 68.97%. The Hispanic population saw a significant rise, from 1.54% to 2.44%, a hike of 58.44%. There was also a minor increase in those identifying as Black, from 24.13% to 25.07%, a change of 3.9%. Lastly, the American Indian and Alaskan Native category saw a slight increment from 0.61% to 0.63%, an increase of 3.28%.

Two or More Races1.71%2.25%31.58%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.42%0.63%50%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.61%0.63%3.28%

Norman ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Norman is British & Irish, which comprises 50.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.4%) and Scandinavian (5.3%). Additional ancestries include Nigerian, Eastern European, Italian, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Ghanaian, Liberian & Sierra Leonean.

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British & Irish50.2%
French & German21.4%

Possible origins of the surname Norman

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Norman have recent ancestry locations all within United Kingdom.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom83.40%
Merseyside, United Kingdom83.10%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom83.10%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom83.00%
West Midlands, United Kingdom82.50%

What Norman haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Norman is I-Z58, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup I-Z58 is descended from haplogroup I-M170. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS241 and I-M253, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Lowe, White, Reed, Stevenson, Taylor, Green, Fields, Fox, Baker, Blake.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Norman surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

normanPaternal Haplogroup Origins I-M170
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to Alexander Hamilton

Early in the morning on July 11, 1804, Aaron Burr (then Vice President of the United States) and Alexander Hamilton (founder of the U.S. Treasury) dueled on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. This marked the culmination of a bitter personal and political rivalry between the two men. Alexander Hamilton died as a result of the duel, but his intellectual legacy survives in the founding documents of the nation he helped build. A piece of his genetic legacy survives as well: in the 21st century, genealogists documented the paternal haplogroups of dozens of Hamilton's living descendants and concluded that the Founding Father's paternal haplogroup was a branch of I-DF29.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Norman have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Norman" Surname 41.0%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Norman" Surname 26.9%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Norman" Surname 23.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Norman" Surname 18.0%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Norman?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Norman are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%