Explore the Family Name Langdon

The meaning of Langdon

English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Devon, Dorset, Essex, Kent, and Warwickshire, so named from Old English lang, long ‘long’ + dūn ‘hill’. See also Longden. History: Samuel Langdon, Harvard College president in 1774–80, was born in Boston, MA, in 1723 but lived out his years in Hampton Falls, NH. Three of his children left descendants. His grandfather Philip (born 1646) had came from Braunton in Devon, England, and was married in Andover, Essex County, MA, in 1684. Another early Langdon immigrant was Tobias Langdon, who came to North America before 1660 and settled in Portsmouth, NH. His great-grandson John was a revolutionary war leader, US senator, and NH governor.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Langdon in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Langdon experienced a minor change between 2000 and 2010. The rank of the surname dropped slightly from 3734 in 2000 to 4041 in 2010, indicating a decrease in its relative popularity by 8.22%. However, the count of people bearing this surname increased marginally by about 0.81%, rising from 8723 to 8794. Concurrently, the proportion of people with the Langdon surname per 100k population decreased by 7.74%, moving from 3.23 to 2.98.

Proportion per 100k3.232.98-7.74%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Langdon

Ethnically, the Langdon surname showed some notable changes according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. While the largest ethnic group associated with the surname was White (significantly decreasing from 94.43% in 2000 to 92.60% in 2010), other ethnic identities saw an increase. The proportion of Asian/Pacific Islanders with this surname nearly doubled, increasing by 118.18%. Those identifying as belonging to two or more races also increased by 49.44%. There was a slight increase in individuals identifying as Black (from 3.10% to 3.38%) and American Indian and Alaskan Native (from 0.32% to 0.38%). The Hispanic segment also grew by 76.92%, although it still made up a relatively small portion of the total.

Two or More Races0.89%1.33%49.44%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.22%0.48%118.18%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.32%0.38%18.75%

Langdon ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Langdon is British & Irish, which comprises 51.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (23.6%) and Eastern European (5.3%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Indigenous American, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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British & Irish51.8%
French & German23.6%
Eastern European5.3%

Possible origins of the surname Langdon

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Langdon have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
West Midlands, United Kingdom87.40%
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom87.40%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom87.40%
Greater London, United Kingdom87.40%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom87.00%

What Langdon haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Langdon is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and I-Y7219, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Jack, Barrow, Colvin, Karr, Prince, Jeffrey, Merrick, Griffith, Oliver, Loyd.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Langdon surname are: H3, H, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

langdonPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Langdon have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Langdon" Surname 41.8%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Langdon" Surname 38.6%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Langdon" Surname 23.7%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Langdon" Surname 22.8%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Langdon?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Langdon are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%