Explore the Family Name Fletcher

The meaning of Fletcher

English: occupational name for an arrowsmith, from Middle English fleccher, Old French flechier, flecher ‘fletcher’, for someone who made or sold arrows for bows. This surname has sometimes been confused with Flesher.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Fletcher in the United States?

According to data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Fletcher saw a slight decrease in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it was ranked as the 352nd most popular surname, but by 2010, it had fallen to 382nd. Despite this decrease in rank, the actual count of people with the surname Fletcher increased slightly from 80,932 in 2000 to 83,063 in 2010, an increase of 2.63%. However, when considering the proportion per 100k, the surname saw a decline of -6.13%.

Proportion per 100k3028.16-6.13%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Fletcher

When examining the ethnic identities associated with the surname Fletcher in the Decennial U.S. Census data, the majority identified as White, although this percentage decreased slightly from 75.52% in 2000 to 72.86% in 2010. The second largest ethnic group identifying with the surname was Black, which saw a small increase from 19.92% in 2000 to 20.92% in 2010. Those identifying as Hispanic also saw a significant increase of 54.76%, although they still represent a relatively small portion of those with the surname. People of Asian/Pacific Islander descent and those claiming two or more races also increased, while the percentage of American Indian and Alaskan Natives stayed fairly constant.

Two or More Races1.69%2.3%36.09%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.73%0.74%1.37%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.47%0.58%23.4%

Fletcher ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Fletcher is British & Irish, which comprises 55.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.8%) and Eastern European (3.4%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Nigerian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, and Ghanaian, Liberian & Sierra Leonean.

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British & Irish55.1%
French & German21.8%
Eastern European3.4%

Possible origins of the surname Fletcher

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Fletcher have recent ancestry locations all within United Kingdom.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom86.20%
Merseyside, United Kingdom86.00%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom85.90%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom85.60%
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom85.50%

What Fletcher haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Fletcher is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-L2 and R-U152, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Edwards, Evans, Thomas, Thompson, Roberts, Phillips, Davis, Taylor, Green, Jones.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Fletcher surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

fletcherPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Fletcher have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Fletcher" Surname 42.9%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Fletcher" Surname 28.6%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Fletcher" Surname 21.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Fletcher" Surname 17.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Fletcher?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Fletcher are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%