Explore the Family Name Emanuel

The meaning of Emanuel

English, German, Welsh, Jewish (Sephardic and Ashkenazic), and African (mainly Nigeria and Tanzania): from the Hebrew personal name Immanuel ‘God is with us’, found as a personal name in many European languages. In the Old Testament this is an epithet of God in the Book of Isaiah and, in medieval Christian literature, an alternative name for Christ. In Britain, the surname is generally a 17th- and 18th-century coinage among Nonconformists, especially in south Wales. Compare Emmanuel.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Emanuel in the United States?

The surname Emanuel ranks as the 5,340th most popular name in the United States, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data from 2010. This shows a slight decline in popularity from the year 2000, when it was ranked at 5,296. However, the total count of individuals with this surname increased by 7.7% during this same period, from 6,051 in 2000 to 6,517 in 2010. The proportion per 100,000 people slightly decreased by 1.34%, making it 2.21 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k2.242.21-1.34%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Emanuel

When it comes to ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data showed some interesting shifts between 2000 and 2010. The percentage of Emanuels identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander saw a significant increase of nearly 46%, although they still represent a small portion of the total at 1.4% in 2010. The number of Emanuels who identify themselves as Hispanic also saw a surge, increasing by over 60% to reach 5.17%. Meanwhile, those identifying as white remain the majority but saw a slight decrease of almost 6%, bringing the total to 52.72% in 2010. Individuals identifying as Black or African American saw a modest increase of 3.44%, while those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native also slightly rose by 1.96%.

American Indian and Alaskan Native5.6%5.71%1.96%
Two or More Races2.74%2.52%-8.03%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.96%1.4%45.83%

Emanuel ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Emanuel is British & Irish, which comprises 37.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (17.4%) and Ashkenazi Jewish (9.0%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Eastern European, Nigerian, Scandinavian, and Spanish & Portuguese.

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British & Irish37.1%
French & German17.4%
Ashkenazi Jewish9.0%

Possible origins of the surname Emanuel

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Emanuel have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom64.30%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom64.30%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom63.60%
Merseyside, United Kingdom63.60%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom63.00%

What Emanuel haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Emanuel is R-L23, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-L23 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include G-P287 and R-P312, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Frank, Gilbert, Scott, Taylor, King, Young, Adam, Elias, Smith, Winter.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Emanuel surname are: J1, H1, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

emanuelPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to Niall of the Nine Hostages

The spread of haplogroup R-M269 in northern Ireland and Scotland was likely aided by men like Niall of the Nine Hostages. Perhaps more myth than man, Niall of the Nine Hostages is said to have been a King of Tara in northwestern Ireland in the late 4th century C.E. His name comes from a tale of nine hostages that he held from the regions he ruled over. Though the legendary stories of his life may have been invented hundreds of years after he died, genetic evidence suggests that the Uí Néill dynasty, whose name means "descendants of Niall," did in fact trace back to just one man who bore a branch of haplogroup R-M269.The Uí Néill ruled to various degrees as kings of Ireland from the 7th to the 11th century C.E. In the highly patriarchal society of medieval Ireland, their status allowed them to have outsized numbers of children and spread their paternal lineage each generation. In fact, researchers have estimated that between 2 and 3 million men with roots in north-west Ireland are paternal-line descendants of Niall.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Emanuel have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Emanuel" Surname 40.8%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Emanuel" Surname 20.4%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Emanuel" Surname 12.9%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Emanuel" Surname 13.4%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Emanuel?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Emanuel are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%