Explore the Family Name Elrod

The meaning of Elrod

Altered form of North German Ellrott, Ellrodt, perhaps a habitational name from Ellierode near Northeim, Lower Saxony, either of two places in Hesse named Ellingerode, or two lost places so named. In the US, this surname is very frequent in GA, TN, and TX.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Elrod in the United States?

Based on data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Elrod has seen a slight shift in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In the year 2000, Elrod ranked 3113 in popularity with a count of 10,661. This equated to approximately 3.95 individuals per 100,000 people having this last name. However, by 2010, the rank had dropped to 3305, indicating a decrease in popularity of about 6.17%. Despite this, the actual count of people named Elrod had increased slightly to 10,851, representing a minor growth of 1.78%.

Proportion per 100k3.953.68-6.84%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Elrod

In terms of ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals some changes over the decade. The majority of individuals with the surname Elrod identified as White, making up 94.40% in 2000 and 93.53% in 2010. Other ethnic identities saw increases: those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander went from 0.26% to 0.29%, Two or more races rose from 1.27% to 1.42%, Hispanic from 1.50% to 1.72%, and Black from 2.05% to 2.35%. American Indian and Alaskan Native also saw an increase from 0.52% to 0.69%. These changes highlight a slight diversification in the ethnicity associated with the surname Elrod between 2000 and 2010.

Two or More Races1.27%1.42%11.81%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.52%0.69%32.69%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.26%0.29%11.54%

Elrod ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Elrod is British & Irish, which comprises 64.7% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (22.0%) and Scandinavian (2.6%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Eastern European, Spanish & Portuguese, Indigenous American, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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British & Irish64.7%
French & German22.0%

Possible origins of the surname Elrod

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Elrod have recent ancestry locations all within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom94.50%
Merseyside, United Kingdom94.50%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom94.50%
West Midlands, United Kingdom94.10%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom93.60%

What Elrod haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Elrod is R-Z159, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Z159 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-P312 and R-L48, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Hulsey, Spurgeon, Bales, Logue, Morehouse, Bunnell, Wilbur, Blood, Westfall, Cloud.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Elrod surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

elrodPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Elrod have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Elrod" Surname 57.1%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Elrod" Surname 22.0%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Elrod" Surname 14.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Elrod" Surname 14.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Elrod?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Elrod are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%