Explore the Family Name Eldridge

The meaning of Eldridge

English (southeastern): from the Middle English personal name Elrich or Eldrich, variants of Alrich and Aldrich, representing any one of three Old English personal names, Æthelrīc, Ælfrīc, and Ealdrīc, formed respectively from æthel- ‘noble’, ælf ‘elf, sprite’, and (e)ald ‘old, honored’ + rīc ‘ruler’ (see Aldridge). The name might also be a variant of Eldrett, a variant of Aldred, which often occurs in Middle English as Aldret and Eldret, and might have been associated with Eldridge as a result of surname confusion.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Eldridge in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census, the popularity of the surname Eldridge has seen a slight decrease between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Eldridge was ranked as the 1322nd most popular surname in the United States and by 2010 it had slipped to 1402nd, indicating a -6.05% change. However, despite the drop in rank, the actual count of people with the Eldridge surname increased from 24,510 in 2000 to 25,299 in 2010, showing a growth of 3.22%. The proportion per 100k people also decreased slightly from 9.09 to 8.58, marking a -5.61% change.

Proportion per 100k9.098.58-5.61%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Eldridge

The ethnicity breakdown for the surname Eldridge, based on the Decennial U.S. Census, shows interesting shifts between 2000 and 2010. The largest group identified as White, although this decreased slightly from 83.61% in 2000 to 81.79% in 2010. Those who identified as Black made up the second largest group, with a small increase from 12.56% to 12.81%. The fastest growing ethnic identity was Hispanic, which saw a significant jump from 1.16% to 1.99%, marking a 71.55% change. There was also a notable rise in those identifying with two or more races, from 1.34% to 2.08%. People identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander also increased slightly while American Indian and Alaskan Native identities marginally decreased.

Two or More Races1.34%2.08%55.22%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.93%0.87%-6.45%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.41%0.46%12.2%

Eldridge ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Eldridge is British & Irish, which comprises 55.9% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.4%) and Eastern European (3.2%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Italian, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Nigerian.

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British & Irish55.9%
French & German21.4%
Eastern European3.2%

Possible origins of the surname Eldridge

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Eldridge have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom86.70%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom86.70%
West Midlands, United Kingdom86.50%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom86.40%
Merseyside, United Kingdom86.20%

What Eldridge haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Eldridge is R-S22047, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-S22047 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-P311 and R-CTS241, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Story, Bertram, Carlisle, Storey, Andrews, Valentine, Baxter, Eldred, Grubb, Hubert.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Eldridge surname are: H1, H, T2b. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

eldridgePaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to the nomadic Tuareg of the Sahara

Though haplogroup H1 rarely reaches high frequencies beyond western Europe, over 60% of eastern Tuareg in Libya belong to haplogroup H1. The Tuareg call themselves the Imazghan, meaning “free people.” They are an isolated, semi-nomadic people who inhabit the West-Central Sahara and are known today for a distinctive dark blue turban worn by the men, and for their long history as gatekeepers of the desert.How did women carrying H1 make it all the way from western Europe to this isolated community? They likely migrated from Spain across the Strait of Gibraltar into Morocco after the Last Ice Age, where they were assimilated into the Berbers of the Mediterranean coast. Then, about 5,000 years ago, the Sahara shifted from a period of relative habitable conditions to its dramatically arid desert environment. This shift may have caused migrations throughout the Sahara, prompting the ancient Tuaregs to meet and mingle with the Berbers, bringing H1 lineages into their population.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Eldridge have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Eldridge" Surname 48.6%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Eldridge" Surname 27.2%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Eldridge" Surname 23.2%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Eldridge" Surname 16.1%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Eldridge?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Eldridge are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%