Explore the Family Name Cochran

The meaning of Cochran

Scottish (Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire): habitational name from the lands of Cochrane in the parish of Paisley, near Glasgow. The placename is of uncertain derivation, perhaps from Welsh coch ‘red’, although this etymology is not supported by the early spelling Coueran.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Cochran in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Cochran saw a slight shift between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Cochran was the 514th most popular surname in the United States, but by 2010, it had slipped to 567th place. This represents a 10.31% decrease in ranking. However, the actual count of individuals with the Cochran surname increased marginally from 58,233 in 2000 to 59,350 in 2010, indicating a 1.92% growth rate. The proportion of Cochrans per 100,000 people also dropped by 6.81%, from 21.59 in 2000 to 20.12 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k21.5920.12-6.81%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Cochran

The ethnic identity of people with the surname Cochran also shifted somewhat between 2000 and 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. The majority identified as White, although this percentage decreased slightly from 87.03% in 2000 to 85.29% in 2010. Black ethnicity represented the second largest group, increasing from 8.61% to 9.05%. Hispanic representation saw the most significant increase, moving from 1.42% to 2.24%. Asian/Pacific Islander and those identifying with two or more races both experienced increases, while the American Indian and Alaskan Native category remained relatively stable.

Two or More Races1.35%1.67%23.7%
American Indian and Alaskan Native1.23%1.24%0.81%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.36%0.5%38.89%

Cochran ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Cochran is British & Irish, which comprises 57.9% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (23.2%) and Eastern European (3.4%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Indigenous American, and Nigerian.

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British & Irish57.9%
French & German23.2%
Eastern European3.4%

Possible origins of the surname Cochran

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Cochran have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom90.30%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom90.30%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom89.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom89.90%
West Midlands, United Kingdom89.80%

What Cochran haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Cochran is R-Z282, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Z282 is descended from haplogroup R-M420. Other common haplogroups include R-Z30 and R-L48, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Horne, Carpenter, Stone, Shepard, Christiansen, Johns, Giles, Shepherd, Cook, Maier.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Cochran surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

cochranPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M420

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Cochran have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Cochran" Surname 45.9%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Cochran" Surname 29.7%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Cochran" Surname 26.2%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Cochran" Surname 19.1%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Cochran?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Cochran are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%