Explore the Family Name Olsen

The meaning of Olsen

1. Danish and Norwegian: patronymic from the personal name Ole, a short form of Olaf, Olav (see Olafsen). This surname is the third most common in Norway. It is also established in northeastern England and in northern Germany. Compare Ohlsen, Olesen, Oleson, and Olson. 2. German (Ölsen): habitational name from any of several places so named, in Saxony, Brandenburg, and the Rhineland. Some characteristic forenames: Scandinavian Erik, Nels, Nils, Lars, Alf, Thor, Niels, Sven, Jorgen, Helmer, Iver, Arnfinn.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Olsen in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname "Olsen" saw a slight decrease in popularity from 2000 to 2010. In 2000, it was ranked as the 521st most popular surname, but by 2010 it had fallen to the 566th spot, marking an 8.64% decrease. However, the actual count of people with the Olsen surname increased over this decade by 3.49%, totaling 59,356 individuals in 2010. The proportion per 100,000 people also decreased slightly, from 21.26 in 2000 to 20.12 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k21.2620.12-5.36%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Olsen

The ethnic identity associated with the Olsen surname also experienced some shifts between 2000 and 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census. The majority of individuals identified as White, although this proportion dipped slightly from 95.28% to 93.69%. There were increases seen amongst all other ethnic groups. Notably, the percentage of individuals identifying as Hispanic saw the most significant increase, jumping from 1.70% in 2000 to 2.65% in 2010, a change of 55.88%. Other increases included those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander (0.64% to 0.77%), Black (0.28% to 0.34%), and American Indian and Alaskan Native (0.73% to 0.76%). Those reporting two or more races also rose from 1.36% to 1.79% during this period.

Two or More Races1.36%1.79%31.62%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.64%0.77%20.31%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.73%0.76%4.11%

Olsen ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Olsen is British & Irish, which comprises 37.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Scandinavian (22.6%) and French & German (21.2%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Finnish.

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British & Irish37.2%
French & German21.2%

Possible origins of the surname Olsen

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Olsen have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom77.10%
West Midlands, United Kingdom76.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom76.90%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom76.80%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom76.80%

What Olsen haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Olsen is R-M405, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-M405 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include I-P109 and I-Z58, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Hansen, Olson, Hanson, Larson, Larsen, Christensen, Peterson, Andersen, Jensen, Petersen.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Olsen surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

olsenPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Olsen have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Olsen" Surname 41.8%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Olsen" Surname 25.0%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Olsen" Surname 21.4%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Olsen" Surname 17.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Olsen?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Olsen are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%