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The meaning of Murphy
1. Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Murchadha ‘descendant of Murchadh’, a personal name composed of the elements muir ‘sea’ + cath ‘battle’, i.e. ‘sea warrior’. This was an important family in Tyrone. For the surname with mac, see also McMurrough (Leinster). 2. English: variant of Morphey (see Morphew). Some characteristic forenames: Irish Brendan, Liam, Aileen, Kieran, Brigid, Donal, Siobhan, Eamon, Aidan, Dermot, John Patrick, Declan.
Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.
How common is the last name Murphy in the United States?
Based on the data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Murphy has seen a slight change in popularity between 2000 and 2010. Even though the count of individuals with this surname increased by 2.63%, moving from 300,501 in 2000 to 308,417 in 2010, its rank fell from 58th to 64th. This indicates that while the number of people named Murphy grew, other surnames may have grown at a faster rate. The proportion per 100,000 also experienced a decrease of 6.13 during this period.
|Proportion per 100k||111.39||104.56||-6.13%|
Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Murphy
The Decennial U.S. Census also provides insight into the ethnic identity associated with the surname Murphy. In 2010, the majority of Murphys identified as White (83.11%), a small decrease from 85.05% in 2000. Those identifying as Black constituted 11.53%, a minor increase from 11.03%. The most significant change was observed within the Hispanic group, which saw a 51.95% increase, although still representing a small portion of the Murphys at 2.34%. The groups identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander and two or more races also saw notable increases of 34.88% and 36.43% respectively, albeit on a smaller scale. American Indian and Alaskan Native representation stayed relatively static, only increasing by 4.62%.
|Two or More Races||1.29%||1.76%||36.43%|
|American Indian and Alaskan Native||0.65%||0.68%||4.62%|
murphy ancestry composition
23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Murphy is British & Irish, which comprises 59.6% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (17.2%) and Eastern European (5.1%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Nigerian.
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|British & Irish||59.6%|
|French & German||17.2%|
Possible origins of the surname murphy
Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.
Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Murphy have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.
|RECENT ANCESTRY Location||Percentage|
|Greater London, United Kingdom||85.50%|
|Merseyside, United Kingdom||85.20%|
|Greater Manchester, United Kingdom||85.20%|
|Glasgow City, United Kingdom||85.10%|
|West Midlands, United Kingdom||84.60%|
What murphy haplogroups can tell you
Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.
The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Murphy is R-Z255, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Z255 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-L21 and R-CTS241, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Mcmahon, Walsh, Burns, Cavanaugh, Cullen, Doyle, O'Brien, Byrne, Mackey, Foley.
The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Murphy surname are: H, T2b, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.
Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette
Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.
What do people with the surname Murphy have in common?
Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.
Chocolate Ice Cream
Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.
"Murphy" Surname 41.6%
23andMe Users 41.3%
When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.
"Murphy" Surname 26.4%
23andMe Users 27.9%
Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.
"Murphy" Surname 20.6%
23andMe Users 21.1%
A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
"Murphy" Surname 18.6%
23andMe Users 16.4%