Explore the Family Name Madsen

The meaning of Madsen

1. Danish and Norwegian: patronymic from the personal name Mads, a pet form of Mat(t)hias or Mat(t)heus (see Matthew). This surname is also found in northern Germany. Compare Madson, Matson, and Mattson. 2. English: variant of Madson. Some characteristic forenames: Scandinavian Erik, Nels, Jorgen, Per, Viggo, Anders, Carsten, Niels, Thor, Alf, Einer, Jeppe.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Madsen in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Madsen experienced slight fluctuations in its popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Madsen was ranked 2024th most popular surname, but by 2010, it had slipped to 2083rd place, a change of -2.92%. Despite this drop in rank, the actual count of individuals with the Madsen surname increased from 16,425 to 17,364 during this period, representing a growth of 5.72%. However, when this figure is adjusted for population growth, the proportion of individuals named Madsen per 100k decreased by 3.28% over the decade.

Proportion per 100k6.095.89-3.28%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Madsen

In terms of ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals shifting patterns among those bearing the surname Madsen between 2000 and 2010. The largest ethnic group, White, saw a slight decrease of 1.26%, dropping from 95.99% to 94.78%. Meanwhile, the groups that saw significant increases were those identifying as Two or more races and Hispanic, which grew by 40.19% and 40.67% respectively. The proportion of those identified as Asian/Pacific Islander also rose, albeit more modestly from 0.59% to 0.73%. The proportions of Black and American Indian and Alaskan Native holders of the surname remained relatively stable, with the former increasing slightly by 10% and the latter showing no change.

Two or More Races1.07%1.5%40.19%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.59%0.73%23.73%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.44%0.44%0%

Madsen ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Madsen is British & Irish, which comprises 37.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Scandinavian (23.4%) and French & German (22.7%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Filipino & Austronesian.

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British & Irish37.1%
French & German22.7%

Possible origins of the surname Madsen

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Madsen have recent ancestry locations all within United Kingdom.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Merseyside, United Kingdom77.40%
Greater London, United Kingdom77.40%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom77.20%
West Midlands, United Kingdom77.00%
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom77.00%

What Madsen haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Madsen is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include I-P109 and I-L22, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Nielsen, Andersen, Benson, Nelson, Jensen, Peterson, Hansen, Sorensen, Christiansen, Lund.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Madsen surname are: H1, H, V. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

madsenPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Madsen have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Madsen" Surname 48.6%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Madsen" Surname 28.0%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Madsen" Surname 25.5%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Madsen" Surname 17.5%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Madsen?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Madsen are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%