Explore the Family Name Justice

The meaning of Justice

1. English and Scottish: occupational name from Middle English justice, justis(e) ‘judicial officer; judge’, Old French justise, justice ‘uprightness; equity; vindication of right; court of justice; judge’, Latin iustitia, a derivative of iustus (see Just). 2. African American: adoption of the surname in 1 above, because of its literal meaning in English ‘uprightness; equity; vindication of right’.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Justice in the United States?

The surname Justice, according to data from the Decennial U.S. Census, witnessed a slight decrease in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Justice was ranked as the 1032nd most popular surname in the United States, while it slipped to the 1077th position by 2010, marking a drop of 4.36%. However, the count of individuals with this surname increased by 4.92%, from 30,956 in 2000 to 32,480 in 2010. The proportion per 100,000 people fell slightly by 4.09%, from 11.48 in 2000 to 11.01 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k11.4811.01-4.09%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Justice

On the other hand, when examined for its ethnic identity based on data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the distribution among people with the surname Justice showed notable changes from 2000 to 2010. The percentage of those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander increased by 39.39%, and those reporting two or more races rose by 48.94%. The majority, who identified as white, decreased by 2.47% during this period. There was also a significant increase in the percentage of Hispanics, with a rise of 78.79%. The proportion of Blacks increased slightly by 6.20%, and those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native saw a minor increase of 2.94%.

Two or More Races1.41%2.1%48.94%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.68%0.7%2.94%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.33%0.46%39.39%

Justice ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Justice is British & Irish, which comprises 59.3% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (21.5%) and Eastern European (3.4%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Nigerian, Italian, and Indigenous American.

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British & Irish59.3%
French & German21.5%
Eastern European3.4%

Possible origins of the surname Justice

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Justice have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom88.10%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom87.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom87.90%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom87.80%
Lancashire, United Kingdom87.80%

What Justice haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Justice is R-CTS241, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-CTS241 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-L21 and I-L205.1, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Maxwell, Cody, Mcnulty, Trimble, Whitney, Barlow, Massey, Mccabe, Hatcher, Moon.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Justice surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

justicePaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Justice have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Justice" Surname 48.5%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Justice" Surname 29.7%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Justice" Surname 22.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Justice" Surname 21.4%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Justice?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Justice are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%