Explore the Family Name Hurst

The meaning of Hurst

1. English (Lancashire): topographic name for someone who lived near a wood or wooded hill, from Middle English hirst(e), herst(e), hurst(e) (Old English hyrst) or a habitational name from any of the places so called, such as Hurst Green (in Mitton, Lancashire), Hirst (Northumberland), Hurst (Berkshire, Kent, Warwickshire), Hurstpierpoint (Sussex), or Hirst in Longwood (Yorkshire). 2. Irish: re-Anglicized form of de Horsaigh, the Gaelicized form of the English habitational name Horsey, established in Ireland since the 13th century. 3. German and Swiss German (also Hürst): topographic name from Middle High German hurst ‘woodland, thicket’; or a habitational name from a place so named in Westphalia. 4. Americanized form of German Horst or of some other similar (like-sounding) German surname. History: This (see 4 above) is a variant of the name of a Mennonite family, originally spelled Horst.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Hurst in the United States?

The surname Hurst has seen a slight decline in popularity in the United States according to data from the Decennial U.S. Census. In the year 2000, Hurst was ranked as the 702nd most popular surname, but by 2010 it had slipped to 749th, a decrease of 6.7%. However, the actual count of individuals with this surname increased from 44,587 in 2000 to 46,244 in 2010, a growth of 3.72%. The proportion per 100,000 people decreased from 16.53 to 15.68, marking a 5.14% drop.

Proportion per 100k16.5315.68-5.14%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Hurst

Ethnicity data from the Decennial U.S. Census reveals that the ethnic identity associated with the Hurst surname has become more diverse over time. The percentage identifying as White decreased slightly from 86.51% in 2000 to 84.50% in 2010. The proportion identifying as Black saw a small increase, from 10.00% to 10.53%. Those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander showed a notable rise from 0.36% to 0.47%, and those identifying as Hispanic also saw a considerable increase, from 1.47% to 2.18%. The count of those identifying with two or more races rose significantly, from 1.18% to 1.79%, and the American Indian and Alaskan Native group also saw an increase, from 0.48% to 0.54%.

Two or More Races1.18%1.79%51.69%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.48%0.54%12.5%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.36%0.47%30.56%

Hurst ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Hurst is British & Irish, which comprises 55.7% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (23.9%) and Scandinavian (4.0%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Spanish & Portuguese, Italian, Nigerian, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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British & Irish55.7%
French & German23.9%

Possible origins of the surname Hurst

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Hurst have recent ancestry locations all within United Kingdom.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom87.20%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom87.20%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom86.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom86.90%
West Midlands, United Kingdom86.50%

What Hurst haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Hurst is R-M467, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-M467 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS4065 and R-M167, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Potter, Boyd, Sparks, Partridge, Marquardt, Raymond, Mackay, Monk, Hinds, Snowden.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Hurst surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

hurstPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Hurst have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Hurst" Surname 44.9%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Hurst" Surname 25.7%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Hurst" Surname 22.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Hurst" Surname 17.4%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Hurst?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Hurst are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%