Explore the Family Name Hooks

The meaning of Hooks

1. English (Norfolk): post-medieval variant of Hook, with excrescent -s, or else a topographic name for someone residing at or near some bends in a river or track, from the plural of Middle English hok ‘hook’; see Hook 1. This surname is also established in northern Ireland (Armagh and Down). 2. Possibly an Americanized form of Dutch Hoeks, a genitivized form of Hoek.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Hooks in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Hooks has experienced a slight decrease in popularity from the year 2000 to 2010. In 2000, it ranked 2034 in popularity with a count of 16,341 individuals carrying this surname. However, by 2010, its rank had slid to 2125 despite an increase in count to 17,053 individuals. This reflects a change of -4.47 in rank and a 4.36 increase in count, indicating that while more people bear the surname, it has become relatively less common compared to other surnames.

20002010Change
Rank#2,034#2,125-4.47%
Count16,34117,0534.36%
Proportion per 100k6.065.78-4.62%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Hooks

In terms of ethnicity, the distribution of the surname Hooks has also seen some shifts over the decade as per the Decennial U.S. Census data. The proportion of individuals with the surname Hooks identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander, Two or more races, Hispanic, and American Indian and Alaskan Native increased between 2000 and 2010, with the most significant rise occurring among those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native (a 57.14% change). On the other hand, there was a small increase (1.43%) in individuals who identify as Black, and a decrease (-4.80%) in those identifying as White. This suggests a diversification in the ethnic identities associated with the surname Hooks over this period.

20002010Change
White51.24%48.78%-4.8%
Black44.67%45.31%1.43%
Two or More Races1.98%2.86%44.44%
Hispanic1.66%2.34%40.96%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.25%0.37%48%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.21%0.33%57.14%

Hooks ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Hooks is British & Irish, which comprises 53.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (17.5%) and Nigerian (7.2%). Additional ancestries include Ghanaian, Liberian & Sierra Leonean, Eastern European, Angolan & Congolese, Italian, and Scandinavian.

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ANCESTRY BREAKDOWNCOMPOSITION
British & Irish53.2%
French & German17.5%
Nigerian7.2%
Other22.2%
Hooks

Possible origins of the surname Hooks

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Hooks have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Merseyside, United Kingdom76.10%
Greater London, United Kingdom76.10%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom75.80%
West Midlands, United Kingdom75.40%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom75.40%

What Hooks haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Hooks is R-Z30, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Z30 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-U152 and R-CTS241, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Strong, Ezell, Brockman, Horne, Bumgarner, Kendall, Royal, Lenhart, Shields, Bowers.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Hooks surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

hooksPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Hooks have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.

Preferences

Hooks

Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Hooks" Surname 39.5%

23andMe Users 41.3%

Traits

Hooks

Misophonia

When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Hooks" Surname 26.1%

23andMe Users 27.9%

Habits

Hooks

Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Hooks" Surname 27.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%

Wellness

Hooks

Migraine

A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Hooks" Surname 11.7%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Hooks?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Hooks are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%