Explore the Family Name Hood

The meaning of Hood

1. English and Scottish: nickname from Middle English hod, hood, hodde ‘hood’, either for someone who wore a hood (like the medieval folk hero Robin Hood) or who made and sold hoods. In Kent and Sussex the name may sometimes have been confused with Hoad. 2. English: from the Middle English personal name Hod(e), a variant of Ode or Odd with prosthetic H-; see Ott and Oates and compare Hodson 2. 3. English and Scottish: variant of Hudd, from the Middle English personal name Hudde, Hutte, which could represent Old English Hud(d)a or its ancient Germanic equivalent Hud(d)o, but is more likely from Anglo-Norman French Hud(de), a pet form of Hugh. 4. English: habitational name from Hood in Rattery (Devon), from Old English hōd ‘hood’, probably referring to a hood-shaped hill. 5. Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hUid ‘descendant of Ud’, a personal name of uncertain derivation. This was the name of an Ulster family who were bards to the O’Neills of Clandeboy and was later altered to Mac hUid. Compare Mahood. 6. In some cases also an Americanized form of French Houde. History: Some of the American bearers of the surname Hood are descendants of Louis Houde from France (see Houde).

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Hood in the United States?

Based on the data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Hood saw a slight increase in its popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it was ranked as the 566th most popular surname, but by 2010, it had dropped to the 616th position, marking a decline of approximately 8.83%. Despite this drop in rank, the actual count of individuals with the Hood surname rose from 53,737 in 2000 to 55,174 in 2010, indicating an increase of about 2.67%. However, the proportion of people named Hood per 100,000 decreased by around 6.12%.

Proportion per 100k19.9218.7-6.12%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Hood

When it comes to ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data indicates some shifts among those bearing the Hood surname between 2000 and 2010. The percentage identifying as White dropped slightly from 76.59% to 74.07%, and those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native also declined marginally. On the other hand, all other ethnic categories showed increases. Those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander increased by 30%, those identifying as two or more races went up by 30.19%, and there was a significant rise of 63.91% in the number of those identifying as Hispanic. Meanwhile, the proportion of individuals identifying as Black rose modestly, from 19.08% to 20.16%.

Two or More Races1.59%2.07%30.19%
American Indian and Alaskan Native1.01%1%-0.99%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.4%0.52%30%

Hood ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Hood is British & Irish, which comprises 59.0% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (20.1%) and Eastern European (3.6%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Nigerian, Spanish & Portuguese, and Ghanaian, Liberian & Sierra Leonean.

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British & Irish59.0%
French & German20.1%
Eastern European3.6%

Possible origins of the surname Hood

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Hood have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom88.00%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom87.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom87.80%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom87.70%
West Midlands, United Kingdom87.60%

What Hood haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Hood is R-P311, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-P311 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-M405 and R-DF98, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Perry, Freeman, West, Bennett, Miller, Wright, Smith, Harrison, Lambert, Stephens.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Hood surname are: T2b, H, H1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

hoodPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Hood have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Hood" Surname 41.8%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Hood" Surname 24.1%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Hood" Surname 23.2%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Hood" Surname 18.5%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Hood?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Hood are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%