Explore the Family Name Herzog

The meaning of Herzog

1. German: from the Middle High German title of nobility herzoge ‘duke’ (Old High German herizoho, from heri ‘army’ + ziohan ‘to lead’, a calque of the Byzantine title stratēlatēs ‘general, commander’, from Greek stratos ‘army’ + elaunein ‘to lead’). The name is unlikely to refer to descent from an actual duke; it is normally an occupational name for the servant of a duke or a nickname for one who put on the airs and graces of a duke. This surname is also found in France (Alsace and Lorraine), Poland, Czechia, and Slovenia (see also 3 below). Compare Hertzog. 2. Jewish (Ashkenazic): artificial name from German Herzog ‘duke’ (see 1 above). Compare Graf and Kaiser. 3. Germanized form of Slovenian, Croatian, Polish, and Czech Hercog: nickname of German origin (see 1 above), often applied as a translation into German of corresponding Slavic nicknames and surnames. Some characteristic forenames: German Hans, Erwin, Fritz, Heinz, Kurt, Otto, Wolfgang, Franz, Arno, Ernst, Hildegarde, Reinhold.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Herzog in the United States?

According to the Decennial U.S. Census, the popularity of the surname Herzog has slightly decreased over time. In 2000, it was ranked as the 3071st most popular surname, whereas in 2010 it dropped to the 3239th position, indicating a change of -5.47%. Conversely, the count of individuals bearing the Herzog surname increased by nearly 3%, from 10,825 in 2000 to 11,146 in 2010. The proportion of Herzog per 100k people also declined slightly by about -5.74%.

Proportion per 100k4.013.78-5.74%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Herzog

Regarding the ethnic identity associated with the Herzog surname based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, there were some notable changes between 2000 and 2010. The percentage of Herzogs who identified as White decreased slightly by -0.92%, while those identifying as Hispanic saw an increase of 38.22%. Individuals identifying as Black or Asian/Pacific Islander also saw increases of 48% and 22.50% respectively. However, those identifying as American Indian and Alaskan Native saw a decline of -31.58%. Furthermore, individuals identifying with two or more ethnicities increased by 14.74%.

Two or More Races0.95%1.09%14.74%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.4%0.49%22.5%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.19%0.13%-31.58%

Herzog ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Herzog is French & German, which comprises 34.3% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (31.4%) and Ashkenazi Jewish (12.8%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Indigenous American, and Italian.

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French & German34.3%
British & Irish31.4%
Ashkenazi Jewish12.8%

Possible origins of the surname Herzog

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Herzog have recent ancestry locations in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Merseyside, United Kingdom71.40%
Greater London, United Kingdom71.40%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom71.40%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom70.70%
West Midlands, United Kingdom70.40%

What Herzog haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Herzog is E-V13, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup E-V13 is descended from haplogroup E-M96. Other common haplogroups include R-U152 and J-M410, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Wolf, Rudolph, Keller, Hoffman, Groves, Wolfe, Mayer, Schmidt, Roth, Marx.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Herzog surname are: H1, J1c, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

herzogPaternal Haplogroup Origins E-M96
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to early Balkan migrants

Haplogroup E1b1b1a1b1a migrated in large numbers from the Balkans into Europe about 4,500 years ago, triggered by the beginning of the Balkan Bronze Age. During this migration, members of haplogroup E1b1b1a1b1a mainly followed rivers connecting the southern Balkans to northern-central Europe. Technological leaps often cause lineages to grow dramatically in numbers and in geographic range. The development of Bronze technology may have given men in haplogroup E1b1b1a1b1a a competitive advantage over other men, causing haplogroup E1b1b1a1b1a to proliferate and become widespread.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Herzog have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Herzog" Surname 39.6%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Herzog" Surname 23.9%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Herzog" Surname 20.9%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Herzog" Surname 15.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Herzog?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Herzog are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

French & German 60.8%

23andMe Users 57.2%