Explore the Family Name Hartmann

The meaning of Hartmann

1. North German and Danish: variant of Hart 1. 2. German and Swiss German: from an ancient Germanic personal name composed of the elements hard ‘hard, strong’ + man ‘man’. This surname is also found in the Netherlands, France (mainly Alsace and Lorraine), Hungary, Czechia, and some other European countries; see also below. Compare Hartman. 3. Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Hartman. 4. Germanized form of Polish, Slovenian, and other Slavic Hartman, a cognate of 2 above. Some characteristic forenames: German Hans, Kurt, Otto, Erwin, Heinz, Helmut, Horst, Klaus, Manfred, Dieter, Dietrich, Franz.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Hartmann in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname "Hartmann" has seen a slight decline from 2000 to 2010. In 2000, Hartmann ranked 3,123rd in prevalence among all surnames in the United States, but dropped to 3,286th rank by 2010, indicating a decrease of 5.22%. However, the count of individuals carrying this surname increased marginally from 10,612 in 2000 to 11,000 in 2010, a growth rate of 3.66%, despite the drop in its overall ranking. The proportion of Hartmanns per 100,000 people also fell by 5.09%.

Proportion per 100k3.933.73-5.09%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Hartmann

The ethnic identity associated with "Hartmann" underwent some changes between 2000 and 2010 according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. The largest group identified as White, accounting for 96.69% in 2000 and decreasing slightly to 95.03% in 2010. The second most common ethnicity was Hispanic, which grew from 1.34% to 2.21% over the decade. Those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander also saw considerable growth, increasing from 0.61% to 0.91%. Similarly, the percentage of Hartmanns identifying as having two or more races rose from 0.91% to 1.32%. The percentage of those identifying as Black and American Indian and Alaskan Native also saw minor increases over this period.

Two or More Races0.91%1.32%45.05%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.61%0.91%49.18%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.14%0.22%57.14%

Hartmann ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Hartmann is French & German, which comprises 41.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (27.7%) and Eastern European (10.1%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Indigenous American.

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French & German41.1%
British & Irish27.7%
Eastern European10.1%

Possible origins of the surname Hartmann

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Hartmann have recent ancestry locations spanning a few countries, mostly in United Kingdom, and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom59.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom59.60%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom59.60%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom59.60%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom59.10%

What Hartmann haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Hartmann is I-Z58, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup I-Z58 is descended from haplogroup I-M170. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS241 and R-P311, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Schafer, Schumacher, Metz, Ernst, Koenig, Lowe, Shepard, Bloom, Fox, Christiansen.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Hartmann surname are: H1, J1c, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

hartmannPaternal Haplogroup Origins I-M170
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to Alexander Hamilton

Early in the morning on July 11, 1804, Aaron Burr (then Vice President of the United States) and Alexander Hamilton (founder of the U.S. Treasury) dueled on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. This marked the culmination of a bitter personal and political rivalry between the two men. Alexander Hamilton died as a result of the duel, but his intellectual legacy survives in the founding documents of the nation he helped build. A piece of his genetic legacy survives as well: in the 21st century, genealogists documented the paternal haplogroups of dozens of Hamilton's living descendants and concluded that the Founding Father's paternal haplogroup was a branch of I-DF29.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Hartmann have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Hartmann" Surname 39.4%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Hartmann" Surname 21.4%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Hartmann" Surname 14.3%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Hartmann" Surname 18.3%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Hartmann?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Hartmann are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

French & German 60.8%

23andMe Users 57.2%