Explore the Family Name Estep

The meaning of Estep

English: habitational name from Easthope (Shropshire) from Old English ēst ‘east, eastern’ + hop ‘enclosed valley’. This form of the surname is now rare in Britain, but common in OH, WV, and VA. History: Thomas Estep, a son of Richard Eastop, came to MD in 1647. His son Shadrach established a family in Kanawha County, WV.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Estep in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Estep has experienced a slight decrease between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, it held the rank of 2411, but by 2010, it had dropped to 2575, marking a -6.8% change. However, despite this drop in rank, the actual count of individuals with the Estep surname slightly increased from 13,793 in 2000 to 14,037 in 2010, a growth of 1.77%. The proportion per 100k people also saw a small decline from 5.11 in 2000 to 4.76 in 2010.

Proportion per 100k5.114.76-6.85%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Estep

When considering ethnic identity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals some shifts among those with the Estep surname from 2000 to 2010. The most significant increase was seen in the Asian/Pacific Islander category, which went from 0.28% to 0.52%, an impressive rise of 85.71%. Additionally, there were also notable increases in those identifying as Hispanic (from 1.16% to 1.94%) and Black (from 2.25% to 2.66%). Those reporting two or more races also rose from 1.22% to 1.67%. However, the proportion of Esteps who identify as White decreased slightly from 94.50% to 92.61%, and the American Indian and Alaskan Native category saw a modest increase from 0.59% to 0.61%.

Two or More Races1.22%1.67%36.89%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.59%0.61%3.39%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.28%0.52%85.71%

Estep ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Estep is British & Irish, which comprises 57.9% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (26.0%) and Eastern European (3.4%). Additional ancestries include Scandinavian, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese, Korean, and Nigerian.

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British & Irish57.9%
French & German26.0%
Eastern European3.4%

Possible origins of the surname Estep

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Estep have recent ancestry locations in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom93.90%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom93.90%
Merseyside, United Kingdom93.90%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom93.50%
West Yorkshire, United Kingdom93.50%

What Estep haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Estep is R-Y4010, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-Y4010 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-Z17693 and R-L21, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Greenhalgh, Gosnell, Maloney, Mcnamara, Graber, Southern, Hennessy, Mangum, Mulholland, Adair.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Estep surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

estepPaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Estep have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Estep" Surname 41.3%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Estep" Surname 32.0%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Estep" Surname 31.1%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Estep" Surname 22.8%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Estep?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Estep are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%