Explore the Family Name Escudero

The meaning of Escudero

Spanish: occupational name for a squire, a young man of good birth attendant on a knight, or shield bearer, escudero (medieval Latin scutarius, a derivative of Latin scutum ‘shield’). Some characteristic forenames: Spanish Jose, Juan, Carlos, Francisco, Manuel, Margarita, Raul, Mario, Miguel, Eduardo, Ernesto, Luis.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Escudero in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Escudero has seen an increase in prevalence between 2000 and 2010. It moved up the ranks from 11,484 in 2000 to 9,684 in 2010, marking a change of 15.67%. In terms of count, the number of individuals with the Escudero surname increased by 33.28%, from 2,515 in 2000 to 3,352 in 2010. This increase also led to a rise in proportion per 100k people from 0.93 in 2000 to 1.14 in 2010, signifying a change of 22.58%.

Proportion per 100k0.931.1422.58%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Escudero

In terms of ethnicity, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data, there have been some significant shifts between 2000 and 2010. The Hispanic population possessing the Escudero surname saw an increase of 5.53%, from 80.76% in 2000 to 85.23% in 2010. Meanwhile, the proportions of White and Asian/Pacific Islander populations decreased by 28.58% and 10.29% respectively. The numbers for those identifying as Black or American Indian and Alaskan Native weren't available for 2010 due to privacy suppression. The data also showed a slight decrease in the percentage of individuals identifying with two or more races, from 0.83% in 2000 to 0.63% in 2010.

Asian/Pacific Islander5.25%4.71%-10.29%
Two or More Races0.83%0.63%-24.1%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.4%0%0%

Escudero ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Escudero is Spanish & Portuguese, which comprises 54.2% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Indigenous American (17.0%) and Italian (4.9%). Additional ancestries include British & Irish, French & German, Filipino & Austronesian, Ashkenazi Jewish, and Greek & Balkan.

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Spanish & Portuguese54.2%
Indigenous American17.0%

Possible origins of the surname Escudero

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Escudero have recent ancestry locations in Spain and Mexico.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Andalusia, Spain43.80%
Galicia, Spain43.80%
Castile And Leon, Spain42.20%
Catalonia, Spain39.10%
Basque Country, Spain37.50%

What Escudero haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Escudero is O-F2415, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup O-F2415 is descended from haplogroup O-M1359. Other common haplogroups include E-M183 and O-F2859, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Escudero surname are: B2, C1, A2. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

escuderoPaternal Haplogroup Origins O-M1359
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to the Cham

One of the many populations harboring members of haplogroup O1b1a1a1a1 is the Cham ethnic group, a group of people who speak Austronesian languages in Mainland Southeast Asia. Austronesian languages make up a language family that is extremely large and widespread, comprising over 350 million people on islands such as Madagascar, Easter Island, and many others. However, Austronesian languages are less common on mainland Asia, with a notable exception being the Chamic language. Research suggests that ancestors of the Cham people migrated from Southeast Asian islands to the mainland around the year 500 BCE, and that early Cham populations quickly began mixing with indigenous southern Vietnamese populations. As a result, the Chamic language now has words that were borrowed from languages spoken by indigenous Vietnamese people. It is likely that an ancestral Kinh population was one of the populations that mixed with the Cham people shortly after their migration to mainland Asia.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to the Ancestral Puebloans

Haplogroup B appears to have been a fixture in the Southwest at least since the introduction of agriculture to the region from Mesoamerica 2,500 to 3,500 years ago. In some areas the haplogroup is found in 100% of the Native American population and sometimes multiple populations share the exact same branch of B, as is the case for the Navajo, Zuni, Jemez and Seri groups.Haplogroup B reaches levels of 75-90% among the Pueblo groups of New Mexico and Arizona, which are thought to descend from the cliff-dwelling Ancestral Puebloans who occupied the Southwest from the 8th century AD until their sudden disappearance in the early 12th century. The Ancestral Puebloans didn't literally disappear; modern Pueblo people and most scholars believe warfare or environmental catastrophe forced them to abandon their elaborate cliff dwellings for settlements in the Rio Grande valley. Recent studies of DNA extracted from 2,000-year-old remains have supported that view by establishing the presence of haplogroup B among the Ancestral Puebloans.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Escudero have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Escudero" Surname 60.9%

23andMe Users 41.3%



Cheek Dimples

Small indentations that appear on the cheeks when a person smiles.

"Escudero" Surname 44.4%

23andMe Users 37.6%



Learn Language As Adult

Learning a new language through formal or informal means after 18 years of age.

"Escudero" Surname 45.5%

23andMe Users 25.8%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Escudero?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Escudero are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Spanish & Portuguese 56.3%

23andMe Users 57.2%