Explore the Family Name Enger

The meaning of Enger

1. Norwegian: habitational name from various farmsteads, notably in eastern Norway, so named from the plural indefinite form of Old Norse eng ‘meadow’. 2. South German: habitational name for someone from any of various places called Enge, Engen, Engar, Enger, or Engern. 3. South German: nickname from Middle High German enger ‘(feudal) obligation to a lord’. Some characteristic forenames: Scandinavian Lars, Alf, Bjorn, Erik, Iver, Juel, Kristoffer, Selmer.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Enger in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Enger has seen a slight increase in popularity from 2000 to 2010. The rank improved from 12256 to 12204 during this period, reflecting a change of 0.42%. Moreover, the count of individuals with this surname rose by 9.57%, from 2329 to 2552. The proportion per 100k also increased by 1.16, indicating a greater prevalence of the Enger surname within the American population.

Proportion per 100k0.860.871.16%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Enger

The ethnicity associated with the surname Enger has also seen shifts from 2000 to 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census. While the majority of people with this surname identified as White (94.91% in 2010, down from 96.35% in 2000), there were increases in other ethnic identities. The Asian/Pacific Islander representation nearly doubled, growing by 72.73% to 1.33%. The Hispanic and American Indian and Alaskan Native categories also saw significant growth, increasing by 49.30% and 51.28%, respectively. However, the Black category saw a decrease of 23.08%, while the Two or more races category experienced a modest growth of 4.88%.

Asian/Pacific Islander0.77%1.33%72.73%
Two or More Races0.82%0.86%4.88%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.39%0.59%51.28%

Enger ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Enger is British & Irish, which comprises 33.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Scandinavian (27.2%) and French & German (18.5%). Additional ancestries include Eastern European, Spanish & Portuguese, Finnish, Italian, and Indigenous American.

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British & Irish33.8%
French & German18.5%

Possible origins of the surname Enger

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Enger have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Glasgow City, United Kingdom74.30%
Merseyside, United Kingdom74.30%
Greater London, United Kingdom74.30%
West Midlands, United Kingdom74.30%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom74.30%

What Enger haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Enger is O-F2415, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup O-F2415 is descended from haplogroup O-M1359. Other common haplogroups include E-M183 and O-F2859, which are predominantly found among people with European and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Enger surname are: T2, H1, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

engerPaternal Haplogroup Origins O-M1359
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to the Cham

One of the many populations harboring members of haplogroup O1b1a1a1a1 is the Cham ethnic group, a group of people who speak Austronesian languages in Mainland Southeast Asia. Austronesian languages make up a language family that is extremely large and widespread, comprising over 350 million people on islands such as Madagascar, Easter Island, and many others. However, Austronesian languages are less common on mainland Asia, with a notable exception being the Chamic language. Research suggests that ancestors of the Cham people migrated from Southeast Asian islands to the mainland around the year 500 BCE, and that early Cham populations quickly began mixing with indigenous southern Vietnamese populations. As a result, the Chamic language now has words that were borrowed from languages spoken by indigenous Vietnamese people. It is likely that an ancestral Kinh population was one of the populations that mixed with the Cham people shortly after their migration to mainland Asia.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Enger have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Enger" Surname 40.0%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Enger" Surname 36.8%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Enger" Surname 17.2%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Enger" Surname 11.5%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Enger?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Enger are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%