Explore the Family Name Eng

The meaning of Eng

1. Norwegian: habitational name from any of various farmsteads so named, from Old Norse eng ‘meadow’. 2. Swedish: ornamental name from äng ‘meadow’, in some cases perhaps chosen as a topographic name by someone who lived by a meadow. 3. German and Swiss German: variant of Enge. 4. Chinese: variant Romanization of the surnames 吳 and 伍, see Wu 1 and 2. 5. Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 黃, possibly based on its pronunciation in Teochew, see Huang 1. 6. Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 應, possibly based on its pronunciation in Teochew or Cantonese, see Ying 1. 7. Chinese: variant Romanization of the surname 邢, see Xing 1. 8. Chinese: Teochew form of the surname 翁, see Weng 1. 9. Cambodian: written េអង, probably of Chinese origin (compare above). Some characteristic forenames: Chinese Wai, Kwok, Wah, Wing, Chun, Gim, Hon, Fong, Hong, Lai, Ping, Shee.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Eng in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Eng has subtly shifted over a decade. In 2000, the surname Eng was ranked 3246th in terms of frequency but slipped to 3352nd place by 2010, a decrease of 3.27%. The total count of people with this last name, however, increased from 10,102 in 2000 to 10,682 in 2010, a growth of 5.74%. The proportion of people named Eng per 100,000 population also decreased slightly, from 3.74 in 2000 to 3.62 in 2010, marking a decrease of 3.21%.

Proportion per 100k3.743.62-3.21%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Eng

Turning to ethnicity, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data, there were some changes over the ten-year period. Asians/Pacific Islanders remained the predominant ethnic identity associated with the surname Eng, although their percentage dropped slightly from 78.26% in 2000 to 77.38% in 2010. A slight increase was noted among those identifying as two or more races, moving from 4.89% to 5.96%. The percentage of people with the surname Eng identifying as White declined from 14.26% to 13.50%, while those identifying as Hispanic saw an increase from 2.26% to 2.79%. No individuals with this surname identified as Black or American Indian and Alaskan Native in either year.

Asian/Pacific Islander78.26%77.38%-1.12%
Two or More Races4.89%5.96%21.88%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0%0%0%

Eng ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Eng is Chinese, which comprises 54.4% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (9.4%) and French & German (7.6%). Additional ancestries include Chinese Dai, Scandinavian, Vietnamese, Indonesian, Thai, Khmer & Myanma, and Eastern European.

Ready to learn more about your ancestry? Get the most comprehensive ancestry breakdown on the market by taking our DNA test. Shop 23andMe

British & Irish9.4%
French & German7.6%

Possible origins of the surname Eng

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Eng have recent ancestry locations all within China.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Guangdong, China68.40%
Fujian, China60.50%
Jiangsu, China60.50%
Zhejiang, China59.70%
Shanghai, China59.30%

What Eng haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Eng is O-F2758, which is predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Haplogroup O-F2758 is descended from haplogroup O-M1359. Other common haplogroups include O-F8 and O-Z23266, which are predominantly found among people with East Asian & Indigenous American and East Asian & Indigenous American ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Ng, Bui, Luong, Tran, Fung, Hoang, Pham, Poon, Do, Huynh.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Eng surname are: H1, H, M7b. These most commonly trace back to individuals of East Asian & Indigenous American and European ancestry.

engPaternal Haplogroup Origins O-M1359
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to the Cham

One of the many populations harboring members of haplogroup O1b1a1a1a1 is the Cham ethnic group, a group of people who speak Austronesian languages in Mainland Southeast Asia. Austronesian languages make up a language family that is extremely large and widespread, comprising over 350 million people on islands such as Madagascar, Easter Island, and many others. However, Austronesian languages are less common on mainland Asia, with a notable exception being the Chamic language. Research suggests that ancestors of the Cham people migrated from Southeast Asian islands to the mainland around the year 500 BCE, and that early Cham populations quickly began mixing with indigenous southern Vietnamese populations. As a result, the Chamic language now has words that were borrowed from languages spoken by indigenous Vietnamese people. It is likely that an ancestral Kinh population was one of the populations that mixed with the Cham people shortly after their migration to mainland Asia.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Eng have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Eng" Surname 31.4%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Eng" Surname 25.5%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Eng" Surname 13.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Eng" Surname 8.0%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Eng?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Eng are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease

ε4 variant

Alzheimer's disease is characterized by memory loss, cognitive decline, and personality changes. Late-onset Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of Alzheimer's disease, developing after age 65. Many factors, including genetics, can influence a person's chances of developing the condition. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the most common genetic variant associated with late-onset Alzheimer's disease: the ε4 variant in the APOE gene. Learn more about Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease

Chinese 18.2%

23andMe Users 25.5%