Explore the Family Name Endicott

The meaning of Endicott

English (Devon): habitational name from Endicott in Cadbury (Devon), or a topographic name meaning ‘dweller at the end cottage(s)’, Middle English ende + cot. History: John Endecott (1588–1665) was a prominent figure in the early history of MA, being one of the founding fathers of Salem, MA, in 1638. He served as governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629–30), and worked harmoniously with his successor, John Winthrop (see Winthrop) in 1630, despite differences on points of religious doctrine. He served as governor again in 1644–5, 1649–50, 1651–4, and 1655–64, and as deputy governor in many of the intervening years. He is buried in the King’s Chapel Burying Ground in Boston.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Endicott in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Endicott has seen a slight decrease in popularity between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Endicott was the 6722nd most popular surname, but by 2010 it dropped to 7028th place, representing a 4.55% decrease. Despite this, the count of people with the Endicott surname increased from 4630 in 2000 to 4761 in 2010, a growth of 2.83%. However, its proportion per 100,000 people decreased by 6.4% over the same period.

Proportion per 100k1.721.61-6.4%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Endicott

The Decennial U.S. Census data also provides an insight into the ethnic identity associated with the Endicott surname. While the majority (94.37%) identified as White in 2010, this represents a 2.01% decrease from 2000. The Hispanic community saw a substantial increase of 51.66%, making up 2.29% of those with the Endicott surname in 2010. The percentage of individuals identifying with two or more races also grew significantly, rising by 68.60% to make up 2.04% in 2010. Individuals identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander and Black were newly recorded in 2010, accounting for 0.46% and 0.36% respectively. Meanwhile, the proportion of American Indian and Alaskan Native remained relatively stable, falling just slightly from 0.50% to 0.48%.

Two or More Races1.21%2.04%68.6%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0.5%0.48%-4%
Asian/Pacific Islander0%0.46%0%

Endicott ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Endicott is British & Irish, which comprises 59.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (23.5%) and Scandinavian (4.7%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Eastern European, Ashkenazi Jewish, Indigenous American, and Spanish & Portuguese.

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British & Irish59.1%
French & German23.5%

Possible origins of the surname Endicott

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Endicott have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom95.20%
Belfast, United Kingdom94.30%
South Yorkshire, United Kingdom94.30%
Kent, United Kingdom93.30%
Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom92.40%

What Endicott haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Endicott is I-Y5692, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup I-Y5692 is descended from haplogroup I-M170. Other common haplogroups include R-S190 and I-M223, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Talley, Brant, Gill, Godfrey, Hall, Thomas, Underwood, Mitchell, Walker, Evans.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Endicott surname are: H1, H, N. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

endicottPaternal Haplogroup Origins I-M170

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Endicott have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Endicott" Surname 53.7%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Endicott" Surname 33.3%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Endicott" Surname 20.0%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Endicott" Surname 21.8%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Endicott?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Endicott are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%