Explore the Family Name Eid

The meaning of Eid

1. Arabic: from a personal name based on ʿeid ‘festivity’. The two principal religious festivals observed by Muslims are ʿEid al-Fitr and ʿEid al-Aḍḥā. ʿEid al-Fitr is observed after completion of fasting in Ramadan, ʿEid al-Aḍḥā is observed as a day of sacrifice commemorating the example of the prophet Ibrahim (which corresponds to the Biblical Abraham; see Ibrahim), or after completion of the Hajj. Eid is sometimes used as part of the name of a child born on one of these two feast days. Bearers of this surname are both Muslims and Christians. 2. Norwegian: habitational name from any of several farmsteads so named, from Old Norse eith ‘isthmus’ (see Eide). 3. German: variant of Eidt. This surname is also found in France (Alsace and Lorraine). Some characteristic forenames: Arabic/Muslim Ahmed, Eid, Hassan, Mohammed, Amin, Diab, Fouad, Ghassan, Mohamed, Mounir, Omar, Riad. French Michel, Alain, Andre, Antoine, Emile, Francois, Georges, Jean Michel, Lucien, Pierre.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Eid in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the surname Eid has grown in popularity from 2000 to 2010. In 2000, the surname Eid was ranked 16,168th in the United States and by 2010, it had risen to the 13,646th position, marking a 15.6% increase in rank. The frequency of this surname also saw a significant rise during this period, with a count of 1,644 in 2000 jumping to 2,219 in 2010, indicating a growth rate of almost 35%. Proportionally, per 100,000 people, the surname Eid increased from 0.61 to 0.75, showing a percentage change of around 23%.

Proportion per 100k0.610.7522.95%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Eid

Regarding ethnicity, the Decennial U.S. Census data reveals some shifts over the past decade. A substantial portion of individuals with the surname Eid identified as White, with an increase from 78.35% in 2000 to 89.45% in 2010. There was a noticeable drop in the percentage of those identifying with two or more races, decreasing from 16.97% to just 4.33%. The number of Asians/Pacific Islanders under the Eid surname dropped to zero in 2010, while the percentage of individuals identifying as Black appeared for the first time at 1.4%. Individuals associating as Hispanic showed a rise from 2.43% to 3.7%. The proportion of American Indian and Alaskan Natives remained steady with no recorded presence in either year.

Two or More Races16.97%4.33%-74.48%
Asian/Pacific Islander1.16%0%0%
American Indian and Alaskan Native0%0%0%

Eid ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Eid is Levantine, which comprises 45.8% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are Egyptian (11.4%) and British & Irish (11.1%). Additional ancestries include French & German, Scandinavian, Spanish & Portuguese, Italian, and Eastern European.

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British & Irish11.1%

Possible origins of the surname Eid

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Eid have recent ancestry locations spanning a few countries, mostly in Lebanon, and Syria.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Beirut Governorate, Lebanon48.10%
Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon48.10%
North Governorate, Lebanon48.10%
Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon48.10%
Damascus Governorate, Syria46.80%

What Eid haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Eid is J-CTS5368, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup J-CTS5368 is descended from haplogroup J-M304. Other common haplogroups include E-M5021 and J-M67, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Rabin, Randazzo, Silberman, Rappaport, Ginsburg, Shaheen, Lipman, Issa, Mandell, Lieberman.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Eid surname are: T2, H, K1. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

eidPaternal Haplogroup Origins J-M304
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to men who spread the Semitic languages

Men carrying the J-M267 lineage took part in many waves of migrations over the millennia, and domesticated animals and plants weren't the only things they carried. They may also have been among the communities that spread the Semitic languages, a diverse group that bloomed from a single proto-Semitic tongue in the Levant nearly 5,750 years ago. These men likely carried branches of both haplogroup J and of the Semitic language family through the Arabian Peninsula to the Horn of Africa. Still later, some J-M267-bearing men re-expanded from the Arabian Peninsula back through the Middle East and across North Africa in migrations associated with the emergence and spread of Islam.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Eid have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Eid" Surname 40.0%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Eid" Surname 33.3%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Vitamin Use

Takes vitamins on a regular basis.

"Eid" Surname 60.0%

23andMe Users 45.5%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Eid?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Eid are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Levantine 63.4%

23andMe Users 57.2%