Explore the Family Name Eder

The meaning of Eder

1. South German: topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of bare, uncultivated land, from Middle High German (o)ed(e) ‘wasteland’; or a habitational name for someone from any of numerous places called with this element (Ed, Edt, Oedt). This surname is also found in Czechia. 2. German: in the Alemannic and Low German areas also a topographic name from Middle High German eter, Middle Low German eder ‘(woven) fence, enclosure around a farmstead, settlement, or field’. This surname is also found in France (Alsace and Lorraine). Some characteristic forenames: German Otto, Alois, Fritz, Bernd, Erwin, Florian, Friedrich, Georg, Gerda, Hans, Heinz, Irmgard.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Eder in the United States?

Based on the Decennial U.S. Census data, the popularity of the surname Eder shifted slightly between 2000 and 2010. In 2000, Eder ranked 7,973rd in popularity, but by 2010, it had dropped to 8,562nd, a decline of approximately 7.39%. Despite this change in ranking, the actual count of people with the surname remained fairly consistent, decreasing only marginally from 3,849 in 2000 to 3,847 in 2010 (a decrease of 0.05%). The proportion of individuals with the surname Eder per 100,000 population also decreased from 1.43 in 2000 to 1.3 in 2010, a reduction of 9.09%.

Proportion per 100k1.431.3-9.09%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Eder

The ethnicity associated with the surname Eder saw some changes between 2000 and 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. While a large majority of individuals with the surname identified as White in both years (91.01% in 2000 and 89.06% in 2010), there were noticeable increases in other ethnic identities. For instance, those identifying as Hispanic increased from 2.60% in 2000 to 3.46% in 2010 - a rise of 33.08%. Similarly, those identifying as Black rose from 0.34% in 2000 to 0.57% in 2010, a significant increase of 67.65%. Other increases were seen among those identifying as Asian/Pacific Islander (from 2.88% to 3.22%) and American Indian and Alaskan Native (from 2.00% to 2.29%). Those identifying with two or more races also saw an uptick from 1.17% in 2000 to 1.40% in 2010.

Asian/Pacific Islander2.88%3.22%11.81%
American Indian and Alaskan Native2%2.29%14.5%
Two or More Races1.17%1.4%19.66%

Eder ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Eder is French & German, which comprises 36.1% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are British & Irish (31.7%) and Eastern European (10.6%). Additional ancestries include Ashkenazi Jewish, Italian, Scandinavian, Greek & Balkan, and Spanish & Portuguese.

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French & German36.1%
British & Irish31.7%
Eastern European10.6%

Possible origins of the surname Eder

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Eder have recent ancestry locations in United Kingdom and Ireland.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Glasgow City, United Kingdom71.80%
Merseyside, United Kingdom71.80%
Greater London, United Kingdom71.80%
Tyne And Wear, United Kingdom70.90%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom69.90%

What Eder haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Eder is I-DF29, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup I-DF29 is descended from haplogroup I-M170. Other common haplogroups include R-L48 and I-L460, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Reinhart, Weis, Hiller, Michels, Rau, Witte, Shane, Victor, Koller, Christy.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Eder surname are: H1, H, N. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

ederPaternal Haplogroup Origins I-M170
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to Alexander Hamilton

Early in the morning on July 11, 1804, Aaron Burr (then Vice President of the United States) and Alexander Hamilton (founder of the U.S. Treasury) dueled on the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. This marked the culmination of a bitter personal and political rivalry between the two men. Alexander Hamilton died as a result of the duel, but his intellectual legacy survives in the founding documents of the nation he helped build. A piece of his genetic legacy survives as well: in the 21st century, genealogists documented the paternal haplogroups of dozens of Hamilton's living descendants and concluded that the Founding Father's paternal haplogroup was a branch of I-DF29.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Eder have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Eder" Surname 56.7%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Eder" Surname 21.2%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Eder" Surname 15.8%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Eder" Surname 11.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Eder?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Eder are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

French & German 60.8%

23andMe Users 57.2%