Explore the Family Name Cooke

The meaning of Cooke

English and Irish: variant of Cook. History: Francis Cooke (died 1663) and his eldest son John were passengers on the Mayflower in 1621; they were joined two years later by Francis’s wife and other children. In the words of William Bradford, he lived long enough ‘to see his children’s children have children’.

Dictionary of American Family Names, 2nd edition, © Oxford University Press, 2022.

How common is the last name Cooke in the United States?

Based on data from the Decennial U.S. Census, the surname Cooke has exhibited slight changes in its popularity over the years. In 2000, it was ranked as the 1000th most popular name, but by 2010, it had slipped slightly to the 1056th position, a decrease of 5.6%. However, despite this drop in rank, the actual count of people with the surname Cooke increased from 31,860 in 2000 to 33,223 in 2010, marking an overall growth of 4.28%. Additionally, the proportion of Cookes per 100,000 people decreased by 4.66%, from 11.81 to 11.26, between 2000 and 2010.

Proportion per 100k11.8111.26-4.66%

Race and Ethnicity of people with the last name Cooke

The ethnic identity associated with the surname Cooke also saw some shifts between 2000 and 2010, according to the Decennial U.S. Census data. The largest ethnicity group is White, which made up 80.50% in 2000 and dropped slightly to 77.96% in 2010. The second largest group, Black, increased marginally from 15.06% to 15.80% over the decade. The Hispanic representation saw the highest growth rate, jumping 68.03% from 1.47% to 2.47%. Asian/Pacific Islander representation also grew, rising 27.27% from 0.44% to 0.56%. Those identifying with two or more races nearly doubled, increasing 48.18% from 1.37% to 2.03%. Finally, the American Indian and Alaskan Native group remained relatively stable, moving just 0.86%, from 1.16% to 1.17%.

Two or More Races1.37%2.03%48.18%
American Indian and Alaskan Native1.16%1.17%0.86%
Asian/Pacific Islander0.44%0.56%27.27%

Cooke ancestry composition

23andMe computes an ancestry breakdown for each customer. People may have ancestry from just one population or they may have ancestry from several populations. The most commonly-observed ancestry found in people with the surname Cooke is British & Irish, which comprises 57.3% of all ancestry found in people with the surname. The next two most common ancestries are French & German (19.9%) and Eastern European (4.4%). Additional ancestries include Italian, Scandinavian, Nigerian, Spanish & Portuguese, and Ashkenazi Jewish.

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British & Irish57.3%
French & German19.9%
Eastern European4.4%

Possible origins of the surname Cooke

Your DNA provides clues about where your recent ancestors may have lived. Having many distant relatives in the same location suggests that you may all share common ancestry there. Locations with many distant relatives can also be places where people have migrated recently, such as large cities. If a large number of individuals who share your surname have distant relatives in a specific area, it could indicate a connection between your surname and that location, stemming from either recent ancestral ties or migration.

Based on 23andMe data, people with last name Cooke have recent ancestry locations all within United Kingdom.

RECENT ANCESTRY LocationPercentage
Greater London, United Kingdom89.10%
Greater Manchester, United Kingdom88.60%
Glasgow City, United Kingdom88.60%
Merseyside, United Kingdom88.40%
West Midlands, United Kingdom88.40%

What Cooke haplogroups can tell you

Haplogroups are genetic population groups that share a common ancestor on either your paternal or maternal line. These paternal and maternal haplogroups shed light on your genetic ancestry and help tell the story of your family.

The top paternal haplogroup of people with the surname Cooke is R-M405, which is predominantly found among people with European ancestry. Haplogroup R-M405 is descended from haplogroup R-M343. Other common haplogroups include R-CTS241 and R-P311, which are predominantly found among people with European and European ancestry. Other surnames with similar common haplogroups are: Cook, Stephens, Smith, Taylor, Hill, Brown, Young, Miller, White, Clarke.

The most common maternal haplogroups of people with Cooke surname are: H1, T2b, H. These most commonly trace back to individuals of European ancestry.

cookePaternal Haplogroup Origins R-M343
Paternal Haplo Image

Your paternal lineage may be linked to King Louis XVI

The rule of France by men of the House of Bourbon began with King Henri IV in 1589 C.E. and continued until the beheading of his direct paternal descendant King Louis XVI in 1793. Several years ago, researchers analyzed a mummified head and a blood-soaked cloth that they believed might belong to the two kings, and concluded that the royal paternal line belonged to haplogroup G. In a more recent study, however, a different set of researchers tested three living men who are direct descendants of the Bourbon kings. Their efforts revealed that the male lineage of the House of Bourbon is actually a branch of haplogroup R-M405.

Your maternal lineage may be linked to Marie Antoinette

Because it is so dominant in the general European population, haplogroup H also appears quite frequently in the continent's royal houses. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian Hapsburg who married into the French royal family, inherited the haplogroup from her maternal ancestors. So did Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, whose recorded genealogy traces his female line to Bavaria. Scientists also discovered that famed 16th century astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus traced his maternal lineages to haplogroup H.

Maternal Haplo Image

What do people with the surname Cooke have in common?

Spoiler alert: it's complicated. People with the same last name are usually no more genetically similar than a randomly sampled group of people from the same population. That said, people with the same surname are more likely to have similar ancestries than randomly sampled individuals. The reason is the tendency of people with similar cultural or geographical backgrounds to preferentially mate with one another. That's why people who share a surname may be more likely to share traits and tendencies in common than people within the general population. Check out the percentages below to see the prevalences of tastes, habits, and traits of people with your surname compared with prevalences among 23andMe users.



Chocolate Ice Cream

Prefers chocolate flavored ice cream over other flavors.

"Cooke" Surname 39.4%

23andMe Users 41.3%




When sounds made by others, like the sound of chewing or yawning, provoke strong emotional reactions in an individual.

"Cooke" Surname 24.6%

23andMe Users 27.9%



Sugary Drink

Drinks one or more sugary drinks per day.

"Cooke" Surname 26.6%

23andMe Users 21.1%




A severe headache characterized by intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and often accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

"Cooke" Surname 19.9%

23andMe Users 16.4%

Are health conditions linked to the last name Cooke?

The short answer is that, if there is an association between surname and health, it's usually more about your ancestry than your name. Individuals with a given surname are no more genetically similar than the general population but often have similar ancestries. The populations of people associated with those shared ancestries often have sets of genetic variations, also known as alleles, in common. Some of those alleles are associated with a greater likelihood of developing certain diseases.

Disease variant frequency by ancestry

Disease allele frequencies in populations associated with the surname Cooke are shown below. Important Note: not everyone with a disease allele will develop these health condition

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Y402H variant

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of irreversible vision loss among older adults. The disease results in damage to the central part of the retina (the macula), impairing vision needed for reading, driving, or even recognizing faces. The 23andMe Health + Ancestry DNA test includes the two most common variants associated with an increased risk of developing the condition: the Y402H variant in the CFH gene and the A69S variant in the ARMS2 gene. Learn more about Age-Related Macular Degeneration

British & Irish 62.1%

23andMe Users 57.2%